Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott
Arum colocasia L.Arum esculentum L.Caladium acre R.Br.Calladium acre R.Br., orth. Var.Caladium esculentum (L.) Vent.Colocasia acris (R.Br.) SchottColocasia antiquorum SchottColocasia antiquorum Schott var. esculenta (L.) SchottColocasia antiquorum Schott var. euchlora (K. Koch & Sello) Schott ex Engl.Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott var. acris (R.Br.) Schott
coco yam, cocoyam, dasheen, eddo, elephant ears, elephant's ear, taro, wild taro
One wild variety (i.e. Colocasia esculenta var. aquatilis), that has poorly developed tubers, is thought to be native to some parts of northern Australia (i.e. the northern parts of the Northern Territory and northern Western Australia).
Naturalised in northern and south-eastern Queensland, in south-western Western Australia, and in the coastal districts of central and northern New South Wales. Also naturalised on Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island and Christmas Island.
Naturalised overseas in southern Europe, southern Africa, La R union, New Zealand, south-eastern USA, the Caribbean, Hawaii and several other Pacific islands.
Taro (Colocasia esculenta) is regarded as an environmental weed in Queensland, New South Wales and south-western Western Australia. It is of particular concern in south-eastern Queensland, where it invades waterways and wetlands and replaces native aquatic plants. It is listed among the 200 most invasive plants of this region and is also a problem in the coastal districts of New South Wales, north from Wyong. In addition, it is also increasingly becoming a cause for concern along the waterways of the Swan and Moore River catchments in Perth in south-western Western Australia.
Edible cultivars (Colocasia esculenta var. esculenta) and ornamental garden cultivars (mostly Colocasia esculenta var. antiquorum) of this species have been introduced into Australia, and both have become naturalised. However, it is the purple-stalked ornamental garden cultivars (i.e. Colocasia esculenta 'Euchlora' and Colocasia esculenta 'Fontanesii') that seem to be the most invasive in Australia.