Click on images to enlarge
habit prior to flowering (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
habit in flower (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
base of stems and exposed underground tubers (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
lower leaves (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
upper leaves and flower buds (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
flowers (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
immature fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
mature fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
seedling (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
re-growth from underground tubers (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
growing amongst other weeds in riparian vegetation along Moggill Creek in Brookfield (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of seeds (Photo: Tracey Slotta at USDA PLANTS Database)
variegated parrot lily (Alstroemeria psittacina 'Variegata'), with whitish leaf margins (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
Alstroemeria psittacina 'Variegata' in flower (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
Alstroemeria psittacina Lehm.
Alstroemeria pulchella L. f. (misapplied)
Alstroemeriaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria and Western Australia)Liliaceae (Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia)
Christmas lily, lily of the Incas, Inca lily, New Zealand Christmas bell, New Zealand Christmas bells, parrot alstroemeria, parrot flower, parrot lily, parrotlily, Peruvian lily, princess lily, red parrot beak
Native to South America (i.e. southern Brazil, northern Argentina and north-eastern Paraguay).
This species is becoming widely naturalised in the coastal districts of southern and eastern Australia. It has occasionally been recorded in south-eastern Queensland, the coastal districts of central and northern New South Wales and in south-western Western Australia. It is sparingly naturalised in Victoria and possibly also naturalised in the coastal districts of southern New South Wales. In addition, it is naturalised on Lord Howe Island and Norfolk Island.
Also naturalised overseas in south-eastern USA (i.e. Louisiana and Mississippi).
Parrot lily (Alstroemeria psittacina) is regarded as an environmental weed in New South Wales, Victoria and Western Australia. This garden ornamental has escaped cultivation and become naturalised in wetter coastal habitats, often after being spread in dumped garden waste. It most commonly invades disturbed natural vegetation, shady sites and moist habitats (i.e. riparian areas and the edges of wetlands).
In New South Wales, parrot lily (Alstroemeria psittacina) has been reported spreading into eucalypt woodlands in the Sydney region and is often found in shady sites in other coastal areas. It is listed as an "alert weed" in the Sydney North region and is on the Australian Association of Bushland Regenerators (AABR) list of environmental weeds in the wider Sydney and Blue Mountains region. It also appears on a list of backyard escapees for the Newcastle area and is classed as an "undesirable plant" in Wyong Shire and Pittwater Council. Parrot lily (Alstroemeria psittacina) has also been reported from the South East Forests region, near Eden, in the coastal districts of southern New South Wales.
In south-western Western Australia, parrot lily (Alstroemeria psittacina) has been reported growing amongst trees along the edges of creeks and swamps and on creekflats. It is also a minor weed of shady creeklines in Brisbane and other parts of south-eastern Queensland.
Note: A cultivar of this species with variegated leaves (i.e. Alstroemeria psittacina 'Variegata') is also commonly grown in gardens.
Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it.
Copyright © 2016. All rights reserved. Identic Pty Ltd. Special edition of Environmental Weeds of Australia for Biosecurity Queensland.
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