Click on images to enlarge
habit (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS)
climbing stems and young leaves (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
once-compound leaves (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of blue flower (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
white-flowered form (Photo: Chris Gardiner)
immature fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
mature fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
seedlings (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
Clitoria ternatea L.
Ternatea vulgaris Kunth
Fabaceae (Queensland, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania and the Northern Territory)Fabaceae: sub-family Faboideae (New South Wales)Leguminosae (South Australia)Papilionaceae (Western Australia)
Asian pigeon wings, Asian pigeon-wings, Asian pigeonwings, blue pea, blue pea vine, butterfly pea, cordofan pea, Darwin pea, kordofan pea, pigeon wings
Native to Africa (i.e. Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, the Gambia, Togo, Uganda, Zaire, Zambia and Zimbabwe) and Mauritius.
Naturalised in many parts of northern Australia. It is common in northern and central Queensland and in the northern parts of Western Australia and the Northern Territory. It is less common in south-eastern Queensland and the north-western parts of Western Australia, and is also naturalised on Christmas Island.
Also widely naturalised throughout the humid and sub-humid lowlands of Asia, on several Pacific islands, in the Caribbean, Central America and South America, and in the southern parts of USA (i.e. Florida, Georgia, Texas and California).
This pasture legume (and occasional garden ornamental) has escaped cultivation and invades river banks, creek lines, the margins of waterholes, irrigation channels, disturbed sites, waste areas, roadsides and disturbed natural vegetation (i.e. open woodlands and grasslands).
Butterfly pea (Clitoria ternatea) is regarded as an environmental weed in Western Australia and the Northern Territory, and is also seen as a potential environmental weed in northern Queensland. It is actively managed by community groups in the Northern Territory, and is of most concern where it has invaded riparian zones within conservation areas near Darwin. It has also been listed as a priority environmental weed in one Natural Resource Management region in northern Australia.
Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it.
Copyright © 2016. All rights reserved. Identic Pty Ltd. Special edition of Environmental Weeds of Australia for Biosecurity Queensland.
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