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habit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
habit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
leaves (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
flower clusters (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
stem and flowers (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of flowers (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
mature fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of mature fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
Hakea salicifolia (Vent.) B.L. Burtt subsp. salicifolia
Banksia saligna (Andrews) J. Parm.Conchium salignum (Andrews) Sm.Embothrium salignum AndrewsHakea saligna (Andrews) Knight
finger hakea, willow hakea, willow leaf hakea, willow-leaf hakea, willow-leaved hakea
Native to parts of eastern Australia (i.e. south-eastern Queensland and eastern New South Wales). It is widespread in eastern New South Wales from the Queensland/New South Wales border south to Jervis Bay, and also extends northwards to Springbrook in south-eastern Queensland.
Naturalised in south-eastern Australia (i.e. in southern Victoria and south-eastern South Australia).
Also naturalised on Norfolk Island and overseas in New Zealand, southern Europe and South Africa.
Willow-leaved hakea (Hakea salicifolia subsp. salicifolia) is currently only regarded as an environmental weed in Victoria, though it is also naturalised in the Adelaide Hills in South Australia. This species has spread from cultivation as a garden ornamental and, like other hakeas, it regenerates prolifically after fires. Infestations replace indigenous vegetation and prevent the regeneration of locally native species.
Willow-leaved hakea (Hakea salicifolia subsp. salicifolia) became naturalised in the Melbourne area in Victoria as early as the 1880s. It is now a common environmental weed in many parts of southern Victoria and appears on numerous local environmental weed lists in this region (e.g. in Monash City, Knox City, Banyule City, Nillumbik Shire, Yarra Ranges Shire, Cardinia Shire and on the Mornington Peninsula).
This species is also regarded as being invasive in New Zealand, where it has spread into conservation areas (e.g. Abel Tasman National Park). However, being an early successional species, it may eventually be replaced by natives if no further disturbance events (i.e. fires) occur in invaded areas.
Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it.
Copyright © 2016. All rights reserved. Identic Pty Ltd. Special edition of Environmental Weeds of Australia for Biosecurity Queensland.
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