Click on images to enlarge
infestation (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
habit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
habit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
strap-like leaves (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
stem and flower cluster (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
drooping flowers (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
immature fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of seeds (Photo: Jose Hernandez at USDA PLANTS Database)
Leucojum aestivum L.
Amaryllidaceae (New South Wales, South Australia and Western Australia)Liliaceae (Victoria)
Devon snowflake, Loddon lily, snow flake, snowflake, snowflake lily, snowflakes, St Agnew flower, St George's violet, summer snowflake
Native to Europe (i.e. Ireland, the UK, Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, the Netherlands, Switzerland, France, Spain, Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Romania, Yugoslavia and southern Ukraine) and western Asia (i.e. northern Iran, northern Turkey and southern Russia).
Naturalised in some parts of southern Australia (i.e. in the coastal districts of central New South Wales, in southern and western Victoria, in south-eastern and eastern South Australia and in south-western Western Australia.
Naturalised overseas in many parts of eastern and western USA.
Snowflake (Leucojum aestivum) is regarded as an environmental weed in South Australia and Western Australia. It is listed as a common environmental weed in the Adelaide region, where it is mainly found growing in hilly areas, and has also been recorded in conservation areas in south-eastern South Australia (e.g. Sturt Gorge Recreation Park and Scott Creek Conservation Park).
In Western Australia, snowflake (Leucojum aestivum) is mainly found growing in winter-wet sandy habitats and in other moist areas near settlements between Perth and Bunbury. For example, it has been identified as priority species for control in native vegetation along the Capel River. Snowflake (Leucojum aestivum) has also been recorded growing in Morwell National Park, in southern Victoria, and sometimes persists around old homesteads and near habitation in the Sydney region, in New South Wales.
Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it.
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