Click on images to enlarge
habit (Photo: Chris Gardiner)
habit in flower (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
reddish-coloured young growth (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
leaves (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
flower cluster (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of old flowers and young fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
immature fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
'seed' after skin and pulp has been removed (Photo: Steve Hurst at USDA PLANTS Database)
Mangifera indica L.
edible mango, mango, mango tree
Native to eastern India (i.e. Assam) and Myanmar.
Naturalised in many parts of northern and eastern Australia (i.e. in the coastal districts of northern New South Wales and eastern Queensland and in the northern parts of the Northern Territory and Western Australia).
Also sparingly naturalised on Christmas Island and widely naturalised overseas, including in south-eastern USA (i.e. Florida) and on several islands in the Pacific (e.g. Fiji, French Polynesia, the Galápagos Islands, Guam, Nauru, New Caledonia, Niue, Tonga and Hawaii) and Indian (i.e. La Réunion and Mauritius) Oceans.
Mango (Mangifera indica) has escaped cultivation and is regarded as an environmental weed in Queensland, the Northern Territory and Western Australia. This species is very common in cultivation in northern Australia, where it is grown in home gardens and commercial plantations. It is spread into natural areas by feral pigs and fruit bats that eat the fruit and drop the seeds away from cultivated trees.
In the sub-tropical regions of southern Queensland and northern New South Wales, mango (Mangifera indica) is an occasional weed of areas near habitation and is not very invasive. However, in the wet tropics and monsoonal wet/dry tropics of northern Australia it invades rainforests and riparian areas and is a more significant problem.
In northern Queensland, mango (Mangifera indica) is thought to pose a serious environmental risk in the wet tropics region. It is present along roads and powerlines in the wet tropics world heritage area and is listed as a major weed in the Freshwater Creek catchment in the Cairns area. In the Northern Territory it has been recorded growing in conservation areas (e.g. in Howard Springs Nature Park and public reserves along the Upper Mitchell River) and is listed as a low priority weed in aboriginal lands in the Northern Land Council area. It is also spreading from commercial plantations into creeklines in the Kimberley region in northern Western Australia.
Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it.
Copyright © 2016. All rights reserved. Identic Pty Ltd. Special edition of Environmental Weeds of Australia for Biosecurity Queensland.
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