Click on images to enlarge
habit (Photo: Chris Gardiner)
stem and lower leaf (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
upper leaves and flower buds with enlarged sepals (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of flower (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of immature fruit with sepals spread open (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
mature fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of seeds (Photo: Steve Hurst at USDA PLANTS Database)
Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn.
Atropa physalodes L.
apple of Peru, apple-of-Peru, Chinese lantern, Peru apple, shoo fly, shoofly, shoo-fly plant, shoofly plant, shoofly-plant, shooflyplant, wild gooseberry, wild hops
Native to western South America (i.e. Peru).
This species is widely naturalised, and is most abundant in the coastal districts of eastern Australia. It is most common in south-eastern Queensland and eastern New South Wales. Less common or scattered in the coastal districts of central and northern Queensland, in inland southern Queensland, in inland northern New South Wales, in Victoria and Tasmania, in some parts of southern South Australia and in the coastal districts of south-western Western Australia.
Also naturalised on Norfolk Island and widely naturalised overseas, including in the USA, China, Japan, south-eastern Asia (i.e. Indonesia and Thailand), New Zealand and on several Pacific islands (i.e. the Galápagos Islands, New Caledonia and Hawaii).
Apple of Peru (Nicandra physalodes) was originally introduced as a garden plant (i.e. ornamental), but has become a weed of crops, disturbed sites, waste areas, roadsides, gardens, riparian areas and forest margins. It is most well known as a widespread weed of crops and arable land in warmer temperate and sub-tropical areas, but is also regarded as a minor environmental weed or "sleeper weed" in eastern Australia.
Apple of Peru (Nicandra physalodes) is a relatively common weed of creekbanks and riparian areas in south-eastern Queensland, though it rarely forms large and dense populations. It is also found on riverbanks in the Sydney region and in listed as an environmental weed in Gosford City, on the New South Wales central coast.
Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it.
Copyright © 2016. All rights reserved. Identic Pty Ltd. Special edition of Environmental Weeds of Australia for Biosecurity Queensland.
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