Click on images to enlarge
habit (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS)
large leaves with numerous elongated leaflets (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
undersides of leaflets (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
large cluster of immature fruit and old flower clusters branches (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of immature fruit borne on orange branches (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
leaf bases and clusters of mature fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
young plant (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS)
Phoenix dactylifera L.
Arecaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory)Palmae (South Australia)
date, date palm
This species probably originated in south-western Asia and the drier parts of northern Africa, but because of its widespread cultivation since ancient times its native distribution is obscure.
Naturalised in many parts of northern and central Australia, particularly in wetter habitats in arid regions. It is most common and widespread in the northern and western parts of Western Australia. Also naturalised in some parts of the Northern Territory and in the northern and eastern parts of South Australia. Sparingly naturalised in western Queensland and possibly naturalised in New South Wales.
Also naturalised in south-western USA (i.e. California and Arizona) and Hawaii.
Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) is regarded as a significant environmental weed in Western Australia and as an environmental weed in the Northern Territory. It was recently listed as a priority environmental weed in two Natural Resource Management regions.
Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it.
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