Click on images to enlarge
infestation (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS)
habit (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS)
older stems with thorns (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS)
leaves and elongated flower cluster (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS)
twice compound leaves with two pairs of branchlets (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS)
young leaves with elongated leaflets (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS)
close-up of elongated leaflets (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS)
close-up of flowers (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS)
close-up of seeds (Photo: Steve Hurst at USDA PLANTS Database)
Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC.
Mimosa juliflora Sw.Neltuma juliflora (Sw.) Raf.Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC. var. juliflora
Fabaceae: sub-family Mimosoideae (New South Wales)Leguminosae (South Australia)Mimosaceae (Queensland, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory)
Native to Mexico, Central America (i.e. Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama) and northern South America (i.e. Venezuela, Colombia and Ecuador).
This species is scattered in some parts of Australia. It has been recorded in northern Queensland, in the coastal districts of western Western Australia and in some parts of South Australia.
Also naturalised overseas in Brazil, the Caribbean, Africa, western Asia (i.e. Iraq), the Indian Sub-continent (i.e. Pakistan and India) and Hawaii.
Mesquite (Prosopis juliflora ) is regarded as an environmental weed in Queensland and Western Australia, and as a potential environmental weed or "sleeper weed" in many other parts of Australia. The mesquites (Prosopis spp.) are also one of the 20 Weeds of National Significance (WoNS) in Australia.
Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it.
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