Click on images to enlarge
habit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
habit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of leaves and flowers (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS)
close-up of flowers and leaves with almost entire margins (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
flower buds and flowers (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
leaves and mature fruit (Photo: Jackie Miles and Max Campbell)
Rhaphiolepis umbellata (Thunb.) Makino
Laurus umbellata Thunb.Rhaphiolepis indica (L.) Lindl. ex Ker Gawl. var. integerrima (Hooker & Arnott) Kitam. forma umbellata (Thunb.) Hatus.Rhaphiolepis umbellata (Thunb.) Makino var. umbellata
Malaceae (New South Wales)Rosaceae (Queensland, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia)
Indian hawthorn, Japanese hawthorn, oriental hawthorn, round-leaf hawthorn, roundleaf hawthorn, Sexton's bride, yedda hawthorn, yeddo hawthorn
Native to eastern Asia (i.e. eastern China, Korea, Japan and northern Taiwan).
Occasionally naturalised in south-eastern Australia (i.e. naturalised in the coastal districts of southern New South Wales and sparingly naturalised in Victoria). Also naturalised on Norfolk Island and possibly naturalised in the coastal districts of central and northern New South Wales.
Japanese hawthorn (Rhaphiolepis umbellata) is regarded as an environmental weed in some parts of New South Wales. For example, it is listed as an environmental weed in the wider Sydney and Blue Mountains region, in Byron Shire on the north coast, and in the South Coast region. It is also listed as a weed of bushland in the Stony Creek Catchment in suburban Melbourne.
Japanese hawthorn (Rhaphiolepis umbellata) is very similar to Indian hawthorn (Rhaphiolepis indica) and it is often mistaken for this species, hence its distribution and impact in Australia may be underestimated. Like Indian hawthorn (Rhaphiolepis indica), this species is cultivated as a garden ornamental and is spread into nearby bushland by birds and other animals that eat its fruit.
Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it.
Copyright © 2016. All rights reserved. Identic Pty Ltd. Special edition of Environmental Weeds of Australia for Biosecurity Queensland.
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