Click on images to enlarge
infestation in bushland in Townsville (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
habit in flower (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
habit in fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of bark on main trunk (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
branches and old leaves (Photo: Chris Gardiner)
once-compound leaves (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS)
close-up of leaves with pairs of oblong leaflets (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
young leaves and flower bud (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
flower clusters (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of flowers (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of immature fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
mature fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
Tamarindus indica L.
Caesalpiniaceae (Queensland, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory)Fabaceae: sub-family Caesalpinioideae (New South Wales)Leguminosae (South Australia)
Indian tamarind, kilytree, tamarind
Native to tropical Africa (i.e. Chad, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Zaire, Benin, Burkina Faso, the Ivory Coast, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo, Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe), Madagascar and the Arabian Peninsula (i.e. Yemen).
Note: this species has sometimes been regarded as being native to parts of northern Australia, because of its presence prior to European settlement. However, it is now thought to have been introduced by Macassan traders in the early eighteenth century.
Widely naturalised in northern Australia (i.e. in northern and central Queensland, in the northern parts of the Northern Territory and in the coastal districts of northern Western Australia). Also naturalised on Christmas Island.
Also naturalised in south-eastern USA (i.e. Florida), Central America, South America, south-eastern Asia, La Réunion and several Pacific islands (i.e. Fiji, French Polynesia, New Caledonia and the Solomon Islands).
Tamarind (Tamarindus indica) is regarded as an environmental weed in northern Queensland.
Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it.
Copyright © 2016. All rights reserved. Identic Pty Ltd. Special edition of Environmental Weeds of Australia for Biosecurity Queensland.
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