Click on images to enlarge
infestation (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
habit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
habit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
stalkless leaves with sharply-toothed margins (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
clusters of flowers at the tips of the stems (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
branched flower clusters (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of the tubular flowers borne at or just below the top of the short flowering branches (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
immature fruit in dense, slightly elongated, clusters (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
mature fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
comparison of seashore verbena (Verbena litoralis) with narrow elongated flower clusters, left, and purpletop (Verbena incompta) with shorter broader flower clusters, right (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
comparison of rigid verbena (Verbena rigida), with a scrambling habit, growing around a single upright purpletop (Verbena incompta) plant (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
Verbena incompta P.W. Michael
Verbena bonariensis L. (misapplied)Verbena bonariensis L. var. bonariensis (misapplied)
purple-top, purpletop, purple-top verbena, purpletop verbena, untidy verbena
Like Verbena bonariensis, this species is native to South America.
Purpletop (Verbena incompta ) is widely naturalised in southern and eastern Australia (i.e. in Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Tasmania, Victoria and south-eastern South Australia). It is possibly also naturalised in south-western Western Australia and is naturalised on Lord Howe Island and Norfolk Island.
Naturalised overseas in New Zealand, Fiji, Papua New Guinea and South Africa.
Note: In some states of Australia (e.g. Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia), this species is still regarded to be part of Verbena bonariensis.
The purpletops (Verbena incompta and Verbena bonariensis) are regarded as environmental weeds in Victoria, New South Wales, Queensland, Tasmania and the ACT.
Verbena incompta is often confused with, or regarded as being the same as, Verbena bonariensis and so its impact has been largely attributed to the latter species.
Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it.
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