Australian National Botanic Gardens
Segmented invertebrate, having jointed legs, eg. mosquitoes.
A group of young.
A flesh eating animal.
A collection of eggs.
A small stream.
A species is Critically Endangered when it is considered to be facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild, holding a 50% probability of extinction within 5 years or 2 generations.
Active during daylight hours.
A species at very high risk of becoming extinct in the near future. It has experienced a 50% decline in population in past ten years, has a 20% probability of extinction in 20 years or 5 generations and the long term survival is unlikely while the factors causing them to be endangered continue operating.
An ecological community that at time, is not critically endangered and is facing a very high risk of extinction in the wild in the near future.
The Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act) protects the environment, particularly matters of National Environmental Significance. The EPBC Act promotes the conservation of biodiversity by providing strong protection for threatened species and ecological communities, migratory, marine and other protected species.
An enclosed or semi-enclosed coastal body of water having an open or intermittently open connection to marine waters and fresh input from land run-off which reduces salinity. Water levels vary in response to tides and river flows.
A flowering tree species dominating much of the southern Australian bush. Distinguished by aromatic leaves, and a cap on the bud that is dropped in one piece when flowering occurs.
A densely wooded area mostly containing tree species of the genus Eucalyptus, which are woody flowering plants dominating much of the southern Australian bush. Distinguished by aromatic leaves, and a cap on the bud that is dropped in one piece when flowering occurs.
A tree-filled area with at least 60 percent crown cover.
Animals that eat mostly fruits.
A seed or grain eating species.
Mostly treeless areas covered by grasses, found in arid, alpine or coastal regions.
The environment or place where a plant or animal naturally or normally grows or lives (includes soil, water, climate, other organisms and communities.)
The action of changing a landscape from containing a diverse range of both plant and animal species into an area where only a few species can now exist. It can be caused by bushfire, grazing or any human interaction with a landscape. It can be counteracted by retaining dead timber and long grass, which will eventually lead to regeneration of a more complex habitat structure and biodiversity enhancement.
Dense, treeless communities of low lying shrubs with hard or prickly leaves.
An animal that eats plants.
Hybridization is the process of breeding between 2 genetically unlike parents. The offspring formed is termed a hybrid.
An animal that eats mainly insects.
A shallow body of water seperated from the sea by a sand bar or coral reef.
Small multi-stemmed eucalypts that often dominate semi-arid and arid areas.
A type of wetland that is subject to frequent or continuous inundation.
Distinct genetic forms of a particular species; distinct colour phases of a species that exhibits more than one color at different times of the year, or several colours exhibited by a species.
The area of muds, sands and reefs left exposed at low tides.
An animal that is native to Australia which can be kept as a pet in the house.
A taxon is Near Threatened when it does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered or Vulnerable now, but is close to qualifying for, or is likely to qualify for, a threatened category in the near future without ongoing conservation measures.
A species that feeds from the nectar of flowering vegetation.
An animal that is more active at night.
A species that feeds on both animals and plants.
An area with scattered trees where the portion of the land surface covered by the crowns is about 50 per cent.
An animal whose diet varies with the availabitilty of food and who has adapted to eat multiple food species.
The whole layer of feathers and down covering a bird's body.
Animals that required a licence to keep, possess, breed, buy, sell or dispose of.
A variety of trees growing tall and close to form a continous canopy that keeps out sunlight.
The parts of the natural vegetation still existing after major change to the environment.
When an ecosystem is able to return to normal after a disturbance.
The zone along or surrounding a waterway where the vegetation and natural ecosystems benefit from and are influenced by the passage and storage of water.
Animals that eat carrion.
Animals that do not migrate.
Intermediate climate between a desert and humid climate.
An area with shrubby vegetation types lacking a dominant tree layer. Some shrublands came about as a result of the degradation of forests through over-exploitation by humans.
A climatic zone with warm temperatures, mild winters and summer rainfall.
A lowland area that is seasonally flooded and includes good coverage of woody vegetation.
A climate zone in the mid latitudes between the tropics and the poles, defined by typically mild to warm summers and cool winters.
The layer of plant life that grows beneath the branches of the trees above, often consisting of small shrubs and plants.
Animals with a backbone.
A 'vulnerable' species is likely to become endangered unless the circumstances and factors threatening its survival or evolutionary development cease to operate.
Sclerophyll is a type of vegetation that has hard leaves and short internodes. Sclerophyll forests are divided into wet and dry depending on the amount of water required. Wet sclerophyll forests have a taller eucalyptus overstory, and a soft-leaved, fairly open understory.
Areas that are permanently, seasonally or intermittently waterlogged or inundated with water that may be fresh, saline, flowing or static, including areas of marine water the depth of which at low tide does not exceed 6 metres.
The Yellow Box�Red Gum grassy woodland extends from south of the ACT, north-east to Goulburn, north-west almost to Young, north to Orange and past Bathurst. It is an endangered community, continually threatened by inappropriate grazing; clearing for pastures, cropping, olive groves or vineyards; peri-urban, rural residential and urban infrastructure development; weed invasion, firewood collection, paddock tree removal and bush rock collection.