Names and synonyms

Oedera capensis (L.) Druce
=Eroeda capensis (L.) Levyns
=Oedera prolifera L.f.

Derivation of names

Oedera = after George Christian Oeder (1728-1791), professor of Botany in Copenhagen, author of Flora Danica
= from the Cape of Good Hope (South Africa)

Diagnostic characters

Involucral bracts densely or sparsely silky-hairy on the margins, sometimes only in the lower part
Involucral bract margins also with coarse triangular glands
Capitula in a large secondary head


A diffuse, sparse, sprawling shrublet to 0.3 m; straggling prickly shrublet. Stems densely leafy, branching with 2-6 branches from below the previous seasons' capitulum. Leaves linear to lanceolate, broad and flat, broadest at the base, 5-25(-32) x 2-3(-6) mm, erect, spreading, reflexed or recurved, generally glabrous, glandular and silky-hairy on margins. Inflorescence terminal, composed of a number of capitula, mostly 9 but occasionally 10 or 11, grouped together in a secondary head, these heads 20-25(-40) mm in diameter; outermost row of florets radiate, occasionally with a few underdeveloped rays in the centre. Capitula mostly radiate with central capitulum mostly discoid. Involucral bracts of secondary heads in several rows, green and leaf-like, 2-3(-10) mm wide, lanceolate, broadest in the middle, with a prominent midrib, margins of inner leaf-like bracts densely, silky-hairy towards the base. Bracts around central capitula almost translucent, delicate and papery. Ray florets collectively between 30-40 in secondary heads, but 2-6 per capitulum radiating outwards, in an irregular single or double row; rays bright yellow or orange with reddish-purple underside. Disc florets yellow or orange. Pappus a crown of scales.

Flowering time

June to September (to October and even December).



Cape Peninsula to Albertinia and Riversdale, and in the Little Karoo.
Known from more than 60 specimens.


Dry stony flats and slopes, often on roadsides. Occasionally in sand on inland dunes.


In fresh specimens the ray florets of O. capensis are dark yellow to orange compared to the bright yellow florets in O. imbricata.


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