A Key to the genera of Australian Jumping Spiders (Araneae: Salticidae)

Identification key:

The key is intended to meet the needs of naturalists, biologists and taxonomists who wish to identify Australian jumping spiders. The character set has high redundancy (99 characters, 293 character states) allowing users to begin with whatever observable characters are available to them when using photographs, a high-powered hand lens or a microscope.

An information sheet attached to each genus provides a list of known species and information on evolutionary relationships, distribution, habits, a simplified diagnosis, and some key references. A series of diagrams and photographs (of living specimens and of aspects of the morphology, including palps and epigynes) is provided for each genus.

Further information and instructions for using the key can be found in the document attached to ‘Salticidae’ in the top right hand quadrant of the key.

Please send comments, or suggestions for improving the key, and requests for assistance, to [email protected].

The key can be cited as Richardson, B.J., Whyte, R. and Żabka, M. (2019). A key to the genera of Australian jumping spiders (Aranaea: Salticidae).

Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: Jun 20, 2019 Views: 23281
Key Author(s): B.J. Richardson, R. Whyte and M. Żabka Key Publisher: Key Version: 1.0
WATTLE Acacias of Australia ver. 3

This WATTLE ver. 3 key (which is also available as an App) enables users to identify wattle plants that occur anywhere in Australia or elsewhere in the world where they are grown. It includes 1,057 formally described species of Acacia, plus several hybrids and informal taxa of this genus. It also includes two species of Acaciella, four species of Senegalia and nine species of Vachellia that occur in Australia and which were previously included in Acacia.

WATTLE ver. 3 builds upon two previous versions of WATTLE, namely, the original version that was published in 2001 on CD and version 2 that was published in 2014 on the Lucidcentral website. Compared with earlier versions, which are no longer available, WATTLE ver. 3 contains more species, updated coding and new or updated descriptions for each taxon, together with photographs and improved distribution maps.

At the heart of WATTLE is a powerful Lucid identification key which helps people of all ages to quickly and accurately identify species. The key is a truly random access tool, one that allows users to enter, in any order, the characteristics of a specimen that they wish to identify. The key then lists those species possessing the characteristics nominated, rejecting those that do not match the criteria entered. By progressively providing additional characteristics about the unknown specimen, users can narrow the search, eventually ending up with just one or a few species.

The key provides context-relevant information (text and images) that assist users to correctly interpret the characteristics of the plant they are attempting to identify. For those who want information about the species that has been identified, WATTLE ver. 3 provides fact sheets containing illustrations, detailed descriptions, photographs and maps that can be accessed directly. Hyperlinks provide simple navigation between fact sheets of related or similar species.

WATTLE ver. 3 is jointly published by the Australian Biological Resources Study (ABRS), Canberra, The Western Australian Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions (formerly CALM) and Identic Pty Ltd, Queensland. WATTLE complements the Flora of Australia (

How to cite this key

Maslin, B.R. (coordinator) (2018). WATTLE, Interactive Identification of Australian Acacia. Version 3. (Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra; Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions, Perth; Identic Pty. Ltd., Brisbane).

This identification key and fact sheets are available as a mobile application:

Android Wattle appApple iOS Wattle app

Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: Sep 3, 2018 Views: 23120
Key Author(s): B.R. Maslin (coordinator) Key Version: 3
Key to the world species of Ips (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae)

About the key

A matrix key designed to allow maximum diagnostic inference from male or female specimens of Ips DeGeer, 1775, including damaged specimens.

Morphologically similar genera of Ipini, Orthotomicus and Pseudips, are included at genus level to help distinguish Ips from these other genera.

Numbers in parentheses in natural language descriptions indicate outlier values observed in only a few specimens.

Key accompanies an article in the Canadian Journal of Arthropod Identification (Douglas et al. in press). This article includes a dichotomous key, and illustrated diagnostic fact sheets for all Ips species and subspecies.

Douglas HB, Cognato AI, Grebennikov, V, Savard K. In Press. Dichotomous and matrix-based keys to the Ips bark beetles of the World (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae). Canadian Journal of Arthropod Identification 38: 234pp. doi:10.3752/cjai.2019.38.


Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: Jun 28, 2019 Views: 22625
Key Author(s): Douglas HB, Cognato AI, Grebennikov, V, Savard K. Key Publisher: Canadian Journal of Arthropod Identification Key Version: 2019
All Australian Rubus

Blackberry -  An identification tool to introduced and native Rubus in Australia


Click here to view the home page of this key


Or click the name of the key (top left) to launch the key directly.

Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: Mar 31, 2015 Views: 21570
Key Author(s): Barker, R.M. & Barker, W.R. Key Version: 1.0
Crop rotations and their resistance to plant-parasitic nematodes

Plant-parasitic nematodes are a major constraint to banana production. An important strategy for management is the use of non-host rotation crops that limit nematode feeding and reproduction.

This selection tool provides recommendations for Queensland horticultural industries on the most suitable rotation crop to manage a specific plant-parasitic nematode. Users enter as much or as little agronomic information as desired and the software will generate a list of responses conforming to that information.

The user is then able to browse the key and instantly open crop fact sheets with further details.

Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: Oct 28, 2019 Views: 21333
Key Author(s): Katherine Thomson, Jennifer Cobon, Wayne O'Neill and Tony Pattison Key Publisher: Department of Agriculture and Fisheries Queensland Key Version: 1.0
Tardigrades of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park

This is a key and field guide to the Phylum Tardigrada in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park.  It has been developed as part of the All Taxa Biodiversity Inventory (ATBI) ( The key is designed to cover ONLY species in the park, though it includes approximately 70% of the known eastern U.S. limno-terrestrial species (H. Meyer pers. com.).

Using it for specimens from other sites could give erroneous results.  Characters for taxa above the species level are based on a key to limno-terrestrial tardigrades (including Heterotardigrada and Eutardigrada) by Nelson & McInnes (2002) and a key to Eutardigrada by Pilato & Binda (2010).

For a current checklist of all known tardigrade species, and the authorities for each, go to the University of Modena Tardigrade Webpage.

Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: Nov 4, 2019 Views: 21175
Key Author(s): P.J. Bartels & D.R. Nelson Key Version: 2011
Soil Microarthropods

This is a key to the major lineages (Classes and Orders) of soil-inhabiting microarthropods. For our purposes this means that arthropods < 1 cm in length as adults are included.

Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: Jun 1, 2011 Views: 18774
Key Author(s): David Walter and Heather Proctor Key Publisher: The University of Queensland Key Version: v1.0
Lampyrid-ID: Key to the world genera of fireflies (Coleoptera: Lampyridae)

Fireflies (Coleoptera: Lampyridae) are a cosmopolitan group of ~ 2,500 beetle species with rampant misclassification (Martin et al. 2019). This is in part due to morphological variation within genera and between genders. The problem arises when authors base classification on these variable morphologies. Based on this (Martin et al. 2019) recent reclassification there are ~145 genera in 10 subfamilies.

Here we present a key to the world genera of fireflies. This tool is based entirely on the males of the group, these being the most well-known and commonly encountered. Where possible the coding scheme is based on the type species. This project is necessarily a work in progress and various updates are already being planned. We welcome collaboration from all users of this tool.

Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: Jan 18, 2020 Views: 18010
Key Author(s): Gavin J. Martin, Marc A. Branham, Luiz F. L. Da Silveira, Seth M. Bybee Key Publisher: Lucidcentral Key Version: 2019
Interactive key to New World Diplotaxini genera and to Brazilian Liogenys Guérin-Méneville species

Liogenys Guérin-Méneville, the most speciose Neotropical Diplotaxini, occurs from Panama throughout most of South America to southern Argentina and Chile and comprises about 95 species (Cherman et al. 2019). During the taxonomic revision of this genus (2011-2019) 38 new species were found occurring throughout South America, out of which only 23 species (the Brazilian species) have been already published.

This key was built to solve the identification of this huge genus. Up to now, the key comprises only the Brazilian Liogenys species. Despite that, new articles are being prepared with new species of the entire genus, together with redescriptions and nomenclatural acts. The key is going to be updated after each new publication.

The current release (last version) of the key includes 49 Liogenys species, plus five terminals which correspond to the New World Diplotaxini genera: Diplotaxis Kirby, Homalochilus Blanchard, Pachrodema Blanchard, Pacuvia Curtis and Liogenys, according to Cherman et al. (2016) phylogeny. The genera were included firstly to help in distinguishing Liogenys from the other New World Diplotaxini, but also has a long-term goal, which is to include non-Liogenys species of Diplotaxini. The key is based on adults, males and females, and primary types were studied for all the species.

Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: Jan 4, 2020 Views: 17529
Key Author(s): Mariana A. Cherman, Daniel S. Basilio, Kleber M. Mise, Lúcia M. Almeida. Key Version: 2019
Anasillomos key Dikow 2015

Key to species of Anasillomos (Insecta: Diptera: Asilidae) following taxonomic revision by Dikow 2015 (doi:

Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: Apr 22, 2015 Views: 17127
Key Author(s): Torsten Dikow Key Version: 1.0
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