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Key to the invasive terrestrial plants in Europe

Introduction

This key helps to identify the major invasive terrestrial plants in NW Europe. Invasive are those species that pose a threat to the biodiversity of the ecoregion. Species included are both those that already are known to be invasive in this region, as well as species known to be invasive elsewhere in comparable climatic regions. Moreover, look-alikes are included to distinguish closely related taxa. A total of 140 species is included. All features are illustrated with botanical drawings so that no knowledge of botanical terms is needed, basic knowledge of plant morphology, however, is helpful. The keys link to complete species descriptions on the Q-bank – Plants website. All species are well illustrated by photographs showing distinguishing characteristics or invaded sites. The key is regularly updated with new species and new photographs. Species that are imported in Europe as weeds in potplants are treated in a separate key. This key is also available in French and Dutch.

Q-bank

Q-bank – Comprehensive databases on plant pests and diseases covers the following organism groups that contain quarantine organisms:

  • Fungi
  • Bacteria
  • Invasive Plants
  • Nematodes
  • Arthropods
  • Phytoplasma’s
  • Viruses and viroids

The databases are curated by internationally known specialists and contain specimen-based information including molecular data. The website offers the possibility to blast, in single- or multi-locus mode, sequences for identification.

Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: 02/11/2017 Views: 37677
Key Author(s): H. Duistermaat, E. Boer, J. van Valkenburg, Hortus Botanicus Leiden.< Key Publisher: Lucidcentral.org Key Version: June 2017
Seeds of invasive plants

Introduction

This key is an identification tool for seeds of invasive plants. The choice of species was based on an extensive survey of seeds and seed mixtures in trade, where the seeds of these invasive species were found as contamination.

A total of 143 species is included. All features are illustrated with botanical drawings so that no knowledge of botanical terms is needed, basic knowledge of plant morphology, however, is helpful. The keys link to complete species descriptions on the Q-bank – Plants website. All species are well illustrated by photographs showing distinguishing characteristics or invaded sites. This key is also available in French and Dutch.

Q-bank

Q-bank – Comprehensive databases on plant pests and diseases covers the following organism groups that contain quarantine organisms:

  • Fungi
  • Bacteria
  • Invasive Plants
  • Nematodes
  • Arthropods
  • Phytoplasma’s
  • Viruses and viroids

The databases are curated by internationally known specialists and contain specimen-based information including molecular data. The website offers the possibility to blast, in single- or multi-locus mode, sequences for identification.

Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: 02/11/2017 Views: 19065
Key Author(s): Netherlands Centre for Biodiversity Naturalis (section NHN), Leiden & the Plant Protection Service, Wageningen Key Publisher: Lucidcentral.org Key Version: September 2017
Seedlings of invasive plants

Introduction

This key helps to identify seedlings of invasive plants, so plants can be recognized in an early stage of development. The species included are those of invasive terrestrial plants and/or plants which are introduced as weeds in imported potplants.

A total of 92 species is included. All features are illustrated with botanical drawings so that no knowledge of botanical terms is needed, basic knowledge of plant morphology, however, is helpful. The keys link to complete species descriptions on the Q-bank – Plants website. All species are well illustrated by photographs showing distinguishing characteristics or invaded sites. Several species are also treated in the Key to the invasive terrestrial plants and/or the Key to the Weeds in bonsai plants. This key is also available in French and Dutch.

Q-bank

Q-bank – Comprehensive databases on plant pests and diseases covers the following organism groups that contain quarantine organisms:

  • Fungi
  • Bacteria
  • Invasive Plants
  • Nematodes
  • Arthropods
  • Phytoplasma’s
  • Viruses and viroids

The databases are curated by internationally known specialists and contain specimen-based information including molecular data. The website offers the possibility to blast, in single- or multi-locus mode, sequences for identification.

Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: 02/11/2017 Views: 18602
Key Author(s): C. Tomas & H. Duistermaat, Netherlands Centre for Biodiversity Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands Key Publisher: Lucidcentral.org Key Version: September 2017
Key to the Afrotropical Silky Lacewings (Insecta: Neuroptera: Psychopsidae)

Fully illustrated identification guide to the extant subfamilies, genera and species of the Afrotropical Psychopsidae.

Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: 26/10/2017 Views: 23410
Key Author(s): Deon K. Bakkes, Catherine L. Sole, Mervyn W. Mansell Key Version: 1.0
Thysanoptera Aotearoa (Thrips of New Zealand)

There have been few studies on the thrips of New Zealand. Most of the information presented in this system is derived from two Fauna of New Zealand volumes (Mound & Walker 1982; 1986). However, much of the data in those two volumes was derived from limited amounts of field work, both in space and time. Particularly missing are biological studies on thrips species that are native to New Zealand, with many of these remaining known from very few specimens.

Only for some Thripidae have there been studies on biology and host-plant range. Teulon & Penman (1990) produced outstanding data on the diversity of plants on which Thrips obscuratus breeds. Martin & Mound (2004) explored the host associations of several species, and Martin (2017) provided good data on the host plants of Panchaetothripinae in New Zealand.

For the many species of fungus-feeding Phlaeothripidae there have been no studies on biology or behaviour, although the sexual dimorphism and male polyphenism many such species exhibit suggests the existence of competitive behaviours.

Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: 19/10/2017 Views: 18546
Key Author(s): Mound LA, Nielsen M & Hastings A Key Publisher: Lucidcentral.org, Identic Pty Ltd, Queensland, Australia. Key Version: 2017
Fruits of Brazilian Savanna Attractive to Wildlife (Frutos Atrativos do Cerrado)

The Cerrado biome is considered the richest savanna of the planet. It is the second biggest vegetation domain of Brazil, occupying 22% of its territory, and has about 12.000 species of vascular plants. From this, it is estimated about 4.000 species producing fruits attractive to wildlife, distributed in 300 genera. The correct identification of fruit species is important in studies of plant-animal interactions. The aim of this key is to represent the most common fruit species of all genera. This key is also a complement of the first volume of the book “Fruits and Seeds of Cerrado Attractive to Wildlife” (Frutos e Sementes do Cerrado Atrativos para Fauna) and, currently, has about one third of all genera of Cerrado fruits.

Key characters for identification process and each of the species are illustrated by photographs. For each species it is also presents a fact sheet with more information.

Website: http://frutosatrativosdocerrado.bio.br/

Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: 12/04/2017 Views: 68284
Key Author(s): Marcelo Kuhlmann Key Version: 1.1
Key to Restionaceae of Western Australia

This key allows identification of all species of the southern rush family (Restionaceae) in Western Australia

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to many friends and colleagues working at the WA Herbarium for supplying diverse data, images, maps, ideas, and taxonomic and computing expertise that have made the development of this data set possible. In particular we wish to thank Rob Davis for photos and taxonomic help, Mike Hislop, Steve Dillon, and Margaret Langley for their help with taxonomic queries. Barbara Briggs at the New South Wales National Herbarium helped enormously with information and expertise about Restionaceae. We note that the photographic species images available here come from the WA Herbarium’s online plant information system, FloraBase, and represent the work of a team of dedicated volunteers. The maps, also part of FloraBase, represent specimens held at the WA Herbarium.

Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: 16/12/2016 Views: 61903
Key Author(s): Chris Hollister and Kevin Thiele Key Publisher: Western Australian Herbarium, Department of Parks and Wildlife Key Version: 1.0
Key to Malvaceae of Western Australia

This key allows identification of all species of the hibiscus family (Malvaceae) in Western Australia

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to many friends and colleagues working at the WA Herbarium for supplying diverse data, images, maps, ideas, and taxonomic and computing expertise that have made the development of this data set possible. In particular we wish to thank Rob Davis for photos and taxonomic help, Mike Hislop, Steve Dillon, and Margaret Langley for their help with taxonomic queries. We note that the photographic species images available here come from the WA Herbarium’s online plant information system, FloraBase, and represent the work of a team of dedicated volunteers. The maps, also part of FloraBase, represent specimens held at the WA Herbarium.

Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: 16/12/2016 Views: 55793
Key Author(s): Chris Hollister and Kevin Thiele Key Publisher: Western Australian Herbarium, Department of Parks and Wildlife Key Version: 1.0
Key to Haemodoraceae of Western Australia

This key allows identification of all species of the kangaroo paw family (Haemodoraceae) in Western Australia

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to many friends and colleagues working at the WA Herbarium for supplying diverse data, images, maps, ideas, and taxonomic and computing expertise that have made the development of this data set possible. In particular we wish to thank Rob Davis for photos and taxonomic help, Mike Hislop, Steve Dillon, and Margaret Langley for their help with taxonomic queries. We note that the photographic species images available here come from the WA Herbarium’s online plant information system, FloraBase, and represent the work of a team of dedicated volunteers. The maps, also part of FloraBase, represent specimens held at the WA Herbarium.

Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: 16/12/2016 Views: 8219
Key Author(s): Chris Hollister & Kevin Thiele Key Publisher: Western Australian Herbarium, Department of Parks and Wildlife Key Version: 1.0
Flower Chafers of New South Wales

This key enables the user to identify the adult Flower Chafers, technically known as Cetoniinae, of New South Wales to species. The Cetoniinae are a subfamily of the family Scarabaeidae, which includes Dung Beetles, Christmas Beetles, Rhinoceros Beetles and Chafers.

This key was created by Chris Reid and Matthew Bulbert, of the Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation Research, Australian Museum, Sydney. The illustrations and key construction are by Matthew Bulbert and the descriptions and taxonomic decisions by Chris Reid.

At present, this key excludes species of the tribe Valgini, which are small and difficult to identify.

The key has been constructed from examination of preserved specimens held at the Museum, or loaned from other institutions, and is the first key for the identification of the New South Wales Cetoniinae. The choice of species is based on locality information taken from the Zoological Catalogue for Australian Cetoniinae (Cassis and Weir, 1992), literature records, advice from colleagues and specimen data held by the Museum.

The key has been designed for people with varying degrees of prior knowledge of beetles, from the general enthusiast to research scientist. The terminology has been kept simple but is supported by a glossary and illustrations.

At the time of writing the authors are unaware of any undescribed or additional described species from New South Wales.

Throughout the key the following abbreviations have been used for Australian states and territories:

  • QLD - Queensland
  • NSW - New South Wales
  • ACT - Australian Capital Territory
  • VIC - Victoria
  • TAS - Tasmania
  • SA - South Australia
  • WA - Western Australia
  • NT - Northern Territory

Australian Museum

Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: 14/12/2016 Views: 7878
Key Author(s): Chris Reid and Matthew Bulbert Key Publisher: Australian Museum Key Version: 1.0
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