Key to Class and Order of Australian Aquatic Flatworms

The phylum Platyhelminthes (flatworms) is divided into three classes and a large number of orders and families.  The class Turbellaria contains free-living and commensal species, and the majority of aquatic flatworms are members of this class.  Classes Trematoda (= flukes) and Cestoda (= tapeworms), contain parasitic worms, but some Trematoda go through one or more free-living dispersive stages.  This key covers aquatic free-living turbellarians at family-group level, ectoparasitic trematodes (fish flukes, etc.) at order-level, and the final aquatic stage (cercaria) of the endoparasitic trematodes of some terrestrial vertebrates (family Fasciolidae: sheep liver fluke, etc.).  Other animals which could readily be mistaken for flatworms and are included in this key include Nemertea (ribbon worms), Hydridae (some Hydra-like Cnidaria), Tardigrada (tardigrades), and some families of segmented worms (Annelida).

Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: Aug 6, 2012 Views: 3346
Key Author(s): CSIRO Entomology Key Version: 1.1
Thrips of California

Thrips are all about us, whether naturally in the flowers, leaves and dead branches of native Californian plants, or as invasive pests in homes and crops. With this, the first overview in 40 years of a major part of the North American Thysanoptera fauna, the authors aim to interest more people in the biology of these fascinating insects, as well as provide an up-to-date teaching resource. Equipped with a good compound microscope, amateur and professional entomologists, biology students and their teachers, conservation and land managers, environmental consultants and anyone interested in the diversity of the natural world will value this remarkable tool.

Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: May 16, 2012 Views: 3516
Key Author(s): Mark S. Hoddle, Laurence A. Mound, Dena Paris Key Publisher: CBIT Key Version: 09 ed.
Relhania and Macowania groups

Key to the southern African genera in the Relhania and Macowania groups in the tribe Gnaphalieae (Antithrixia, Arrowsmithia, Comborhiza, Leysera, Macowania, Nestlera, Oedera, Relhania, Rhynchopsidium and Rosenia)

Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: Feb 22, 2012 Views: 4062
Key Author(s): M. Koekemoer Key Version: 1.0
Key to Reticulitermes spp. of Georgia

 Identify the all endemic species of Reticulitermes spp. found in Georgia, USA

Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: Jan 10, 2012 Views: 3081
Key Author(s): Su Yee Key Version: 1.0

Current version. The current version of the Key was developed as a special joint project between Emma McLarnon (BSc Biology, Leeds University, 2008 – 2012; work placement at Kew 2010 - 2011) and the Malpighiales Team at Kew (Gill Challen, Sue Zmarzty).

Taxonomic Scope: all genera of Achariaceae, Centroplacaceae Euphorbiaceae, (Flacourtiaceae), Gerrardinaceae, Pandaceae, Peraceae, Phyllanthaceae, Picrodendraceae, Putranjivaceae, Salicaceae, (Samydaceae). Gerrardinaceae (Huerteales) is also included because its single genus, Gerrardina, has only recently been excluded from Salicaceae. Flacourtiaceae is not recognised, its genera now belong to Achariaceae and Salicaceae. Samydaceae is not recognised.
Neotropical and subtropical Euphorbiaceae s.l. Parts of the Key treating neotropical (and subtropical) Euphorbiaceae s.l. have been upgraded and link to the Malpighiales Scratchpad, which provides genus descriptions and image galleries. 
Taxonomic standards: Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 3 (APG 3;; World Checklist of Selected Families (; for Centroplacaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Pandaceae, Peraceae, Phyllanthaceae, Picrodendraceae and Putranjivaceae).
Geographic standard: Brummitt, R.K. 2001 onwards. World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions edn 2. International Working Group on Taxonomic Databases For Plant Sciences (TDWG). Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation
Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh.  (

Software: Lucid3, version 3.5; Lucid Translator.
Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: Nov 11, 2011 Views: 4232
Key Author(s): Emma McLarnon and the Malpighiales Team at Kew (Gill Challen, Sue Zmarzty) Key Version: 1.0
Identifly 2: The South African Sarcophaginae

About the key: The flesh flies (Family Sarcophagidae) are comprised of three subfamilies Sarcophaginae, Miltograminae and Paramacronychiinae. This project proposes to focus on members of the subfamily Sarcophaginae found within South Africa. Identifying flesh flies is generally recognized as a difficult challenge because the group is rather uniform in its external morphology. The identification of species within this subfamily is most reliably based on examination of the characters of the male genitalia. The only comprehensive key to the African flesh flies is an out of date, ordinary dichotomous text key by Zumpt (1975), but it is difficult to use because of its terminology, and the constraints imposed by having to start at the beginning of the couplets. No other comprehensive keys are available for Africa. For the mentioned reasons, a clearly illustrated, modern key would be invaluable. This has been provided by creating online resources (a scratchpad: SARCBYTES) and a digital key for 2 genera (comprising 96 species) for the South African region.

Current version: The current version of the key was developed as an honours project by C-L. Clitheroe (BSc(Hons) Zoology, Rhodes University) under the Supervision of Professor Martin H. Villet, Prof. of Entomology, Rhodes University. It is probably the first of many versions. It is heavily reliant on images, (microphotographs) taken by the author and many diagrams; copyrighted, provided with permission, from Lehrer, A.Z and Pape, T.

Taxonomic Scope: All described species of Sarcophaginae (Diptera: Sarcophagidae) of South Africa.

Taxonomic standards: PAPE, T. (1996) Catalogue of the Sarcophagidae of the world (Insecta: Diptera). Memoirs of Entomology, International, 8, 1–558.

Software: Lucid3.3.

Author: Crystal-Leigh Clitheroe

Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: Nov 8, 2011 Views: 3533
Key Author(s): Crystal-Leigh Clitheroe Key Version: 1.0
Terrestrial Mollusc Tool

The Terrestrial Mollusc Tool was specifically designed to assist in the identification of adult terrestrial slugs and snails of agricultural importance. The tool also includes species of quarantine significance as well as invasive and contaminant mollusc species commonly intercepted at U.S. ports of entry. This Lucid-based identification tool specifically targets federal, state and other agencies or organizations within the U.S. that are concerned with the detection and identification of molluscs of significance. This tool includes 33 families and 128 species. This resource also includes an interactive identification key, comparison chart, fact sheets, biological and ecological notes, a dissection tutorial, a glossary of commonly used terms, and a list of useful links and references. It should be noted that this dynamic tool is not inclusive of all mollusc pests, as new species of interest arise almost daily.

Posted By: Matthew Trice Last Updated: Sep 14, 2011 Views: 4975
Key Author(s): Jodi White Key Version: v1.0
Families of Parasitiformes in soil

A key to adult females of 43 families and 3 superfamilies of soil-inhabiting parasitiform mites for the known Australian soil fauna.

Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: Jun 1, 2011 Views: 7467
Key Author(s): David E. Walter Key Publisher: The University of Queensland Key Version: v1.0
Soil Microarthropods

This is a key to the major lineages (Classes and Orders) of soil-inhabiting microarthropods. For our purposes this means that arthropods < 1 cm in length as adults are included.

Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: Jun 1, 2011 Views: 11451
Key Author(s): David Walter and Heather Proctor Key Publisher: The University of Queensland Key Version: v1.0
An interactive identification tool to identify the genera of Tetranychinae of most interest to quarantine

This key allows identification of the genera of Tetranychinae of most interest to quarantine.

Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: May 13, 2011 Views: 7595
Key Author(s): Dr David Evans Walter Key Version: 1.0
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