Plants of South Eastern New South Wales


This key is designed for anyone who has an interest in finding out about the plants of south eastern New South Wales. It includes about 2,900 species of plants accompanied by about 10,000 images. It includes Eucalypts, but not ferns, orchids, grasses, or most sedges or rushes. There are about 3,900 relevant species in the area covered by this key.

The key mostly uses easily seen characters and a minimum of technical terms to help with the identification of plants. It is not designed to key out to a single species, though sometimes it does. It is designed to narrow down the possibilities of what the plant might be to a limited number of species. The photos may then help you decide what your plant is.

In most cases, the use of a hand lens or a low power microscope is not necessary for identification, except when counting the number of flowers/florets in a flower head, and deciding whether hairs on stems are stellate (multiple hairs arising from a point, looking like a star), branched, or simple. Identification needing the use of a high power microscope is beyond the scope of the key.

Online key URL:

Also available on:



Related key: Plants and Fungi of south western New South Wales

Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: May 17, 2019 Views: 725
Key Author(s): Betty Wood Key Version: 1.0
Spider mite species of Australia (including key exotic southeast Asian pest species)

About the key

This interactive key provides diagnostics for all the species of spider mites (Acari: Tetranychidae) previously recorded in Australia, based mostly on literature records. Several species collected in Australia, but not yet recorded in the literature, are also included (manuscript in prep). In addition, a few select exotic species from south east Asia of concern to Australia’s biosecurity have also been included, and are indicated by ^^ after the species name. Where possible, the diagnostics (images and data) presented in this key were taken from direct examination of the type specimens. A detailed fact sheet has been provided for nearly all species treated. Australian voucher specimens have not been examined for all species treated in this key, and some records are in need of further investigation.

Note well: voucher specimens were not examined for all species treated in this key, and that several groups of species cannot be separated, but this may change with updates. For example, all the Bryobia species listed cannot be separated from each other, and the members of the Oligonychus ununguis species group are notoriously difficult to separate. When this occurs, unfortunately, the key will continue to present you with character state options, even though no further resolution is possible. In these cases, you must rely on examining the fact sheets for each of the remaining taxa. In addition, there are a few species with various taxonomic issues, for example Tetranychus lambi, where there are possibly two species represented in the type series, and as such, separating that taxon cleanly is not possible as certain character features have multiple character states present.

Note also: that the key opens with female characters only. As characters are selected, the relevant male characters will open for the user to see.

Please contact the author ( if you have any issues with the key not working, or suggestions for improvement etc.


Development of this key has been funded under the Australian Government’s Agricultural Competitiveness and Developing Northern Australia white papers, the government’s plans for stronger farmers, a stronger economy and a safe, secure Australia.


Immense thanks go to Ronald Ochoa & Debbie Creel of USNM (Beltsville, USA) for the loan of many critical specimens (including types) and for hosting me in the USNM for several months. Further thanks go to Jeremy Carlo Naredo of MNH (Laguna, The Philippines), Alain Migeon of CBGP (Montferrier-sur-Lez, France), and Jan Beccaloni of NHM (London, UK) for the loan of critical specimens, including many types. I also wish to thank Owen Seeman of QM (Brisbane, Australia), Jurgen Otto of Department of Agriculture and Water Resources (Sydney, Australia), Frederic Beaulieu of CNC (Ottawa, Canada), Andrew Manners (Queensland Government Department of Agriculture and Fisheries), and Jamie Davies DPIPWE (New Town, Tasmania, Australia) for useful comments of draft versions of the key and fact sheets.


Jennifer J Beard, Queensland Museum (


v1.0 December 2018

Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: Dec 22, 2018 Views: 1514
Key Author(s): Jennifer J Beard, Queensland Museum Key Publisher: Key Version: v1.0 December 2018
Thrips of the British Isles

Thysanoptera Britannica et Hibernica

Thrips of the British Isles

This identification and information system includes 177 species of thrips that have been taken alive on the British Isles at least once. It provides a means of identifying species, together with an introduction to what is known of the biology and distribution of each species. The identification system is based largely on adult females as this is the life stage most commonly collected. Printed identification keys that similarly deal with adults of the British thrips fauna include Mound et al, (1976) and zur Strassen (2003), and for larvae an extensive introduction is provided by Vierbergen et al. (2010).

This publication should be cited as follows: Mound LA, Collins DW, Hastings A (2018). Thysanoptera Britannica et Hibernica - Thrips of the British Isles., Identic Pty Ltd, Queensland, Australia.

Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: Nov 16, 2018 Views: 1912
Key Author(s): Laurence Mound, Dom Collins, Anne Hastings Key Publisher: Identic Pty Ltd Key Version: 1.0
WATTLE Acacias of Australia ver. 3

This WATTLE ver. 3 key (which is also available as an App) enables users to identify wattle plants that occur anywhere in Australia or elsewhere in the world where they are grown. It includes 1,057 formally described species of Acacia, plus several hybrids and informal taxa of this genus. It also includes two species of Acaciella, four species of Senegalia and nine species of Vachellia that occur in Australia and which were previously included in Acacia.

WATTLE ver. 3 builds upon two previous versions of WATTLE, namely, the original version that was published in 2001 on CD and version 2 that was published in 2014 on the Lucidcentral website. Compared with earlier versions, which are no longer available, WATTLE ver. 3 contains more species, updated coding and new or updated descriptions for each taxon, together with photographs and improved distribution maps.

At the heart of WATTLE is a powerful Lucid identification key which helps people of all ages to quickly and accurately identify species. The key is a truly random access tool, one that allows users to enter, in any order, the characteristics of a specimen that they wish to identify. The key then lists those species possessing the characteristics nominated, rejecting those that do not match the criteria entered. By progressively providing additional characteristics about the unknown specimen, users can narrow the search, eventually ending up with just one or a few species.

The key provides context-relevant information (text and images) that assist users to correctly interpret the characteristics of the plant they are attempting to identify. For those who want information about the species that has been identified, WATTLE ver. 3 provides fact sheets containing illustrations, detailed descriptions, photographs and maps that can be accessed directly. Hyperlinks provide simple navigation between fact sheets of related or similar species.

WATTLE ver. 3 is jointly published by the Australian Biological Resources Study (ABRS), Canberra, The Western Australian Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions (formerly CALM) and Identic Pty Ltd, Queensland. WATTLE complements the Flora of Australia (

How to cite this key

Maslin, B.R. (coordinator) (2018). WATTLE, Interactive Identification of Australian Acacia. Version 3. (Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra; Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions, Perth; Identic Pty. Ltd., Brisbane).

This identification key and fact sheets are available as a mobile application:

Android Wattle appApple iOS Wattle app

Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: Sep 3, 2018 Views: 15892
Key Author(s): B.R. Maslin (coordinator) Key Version: 3
What Bug Is That?

About this project

What Bug Is That? provides identification keys and information to the 600+ insect families of Australia. Learn more about this project and its contributors.
Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: Aug 2, 2018 Views: 7647
Key Author(s): CSIRO Key Publisher: CSIRO Key Version: 1.1
Interactive Multiplex Keys to Adult Female Mosquito Species of China (Diptera, Culicidae)


This key is an interactive diagnostic tool to help identify the medical important species of China, which comprises 33 species, forming a multivariate matrix of 76 morphological characters and more than 410 images to support identification of adult female mosquito species.

Direct URL:
(also see the website: Morphological Identification of Medical Vector, )


Cost: Free

Note: This version of Mosquitoes Identification System of China is used for scientific and technological research, rather than for commercial distribution.

Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: Aug 1, 2018 Views: 8142
Key Author(s): Tian-Ci YANG and Xiao-Bin ZHANG Key Publisher: Zhejiang International Tourism HealthcareCente, 2 Wensan Road of Xihu District, Hangzhou 310012, P.R. China Key Version: October 24, 2016
Thysanoptera Chinensis

Thripidae Genera from China


This identification and information system includes 98 genera of the Thysanoptera family Thripidae that are thought to occur in China. This number is certain to increase, with expanding field studies on the Oriental and Holarctic components of the fauna of this highly diverse country.

This system provides information on biology and distribution wherever possible, but little is known about how most thrips species spend their lives. All thrips show some specificity in their host plant associations, and some species are fully dependent for survival on one, or a restricted range, of plant species. One objective of this user-friendly system is to encourage more students in China to discover the larval host plants on which particular thrips species are dependent to maintain populations.

Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: Jul 30, 2018 Views: 7563
Key Author(s): Zhang SM, Mound LA, & Hastings A (2018). Thysanoptera Chinensis. Key Publisher:, Identic Pty Ltd, Queensland, Australia. Key Version: 1.0
key to the world species groups of Leucospis (Hymenoptera: Leucospidae)

This key provides an interactive identification tool designed to identify any Leucospis specimen to the species group level. The Lucid key recognizes 20 taxa of Leucospis, 16 species groups and 4 species sola (Darling and Cardinal 2005). Keys to the species are available in Boucek (1974).

About Page
Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: Mar 23, 2018 Views: 19566
Key Author(s): D. Christopher DARLING and Sophie CARDINAL Key Version: 1.5
Thrips of Brazil

The Thysanoptera fauna of Brazil is one of the most diverse in the world. More than 530 species were described based on material collected in Brazilian territory and approximately 700 species are recorded from this country. This number represents more than 10% of the species described in the Thysanoptera. Besides the large number of species, the Brazilian fauna is also diverse in terms of ecology and life histories.

In this identification system, the user can identify the 6 Thysanoptera families that occur in Brazil.

Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: Feb 15, 2018 Views: 19970
Key Author(s): Adriano Cavalleri, Laurence A. Mound, Mariana F. Lindner, Marcos Botton, Milton de Souza Mendonça Jr. Key Version: Feb 2018
Key to the World Genera of Eulophidae Parasitoids (Hymenoptera) of Leafmining Agromyzidae (Diptera)


In this website, we provided a key of the world genera of eulophids recorded on agromyzid leafminers. We used 25 characters and recognized 29 genera, divided in the subfamilies as follows: 6 genera within Tetrastichinae, 10 within Entedoninae, and 13 among Eulophinae (7 Cirrospilini and 6 Eulophini). For each genus, notes are given for diagnosis, classification, distribution, and biology. Taxonomic comments and numerous pictures have been also provided in order to facilitate their recognition. We however considered separately two taxa within Cirrospilus Westwood: the species C. ambiguus Hansson & La Salle and the “variegatus group” of species. Both taxa have in fact unique features within Cirrospilus, and warrant further investigation as to their exact generic limits. We were unable to include two other genera belonging to the subfamily Eulophinae and recorded as agromyzid parasitoids (Noyes, 2001): Ginsiella Erdös and Guptaiella Khan & Sushil (see comments under these genera). Finally, some notes, supported by pictures, about the family Eulophidae and its subfamilies are given. Notes on Elasmini are also provided, as there are some Lepidoptera leafminers parasitoids within this tribe. We haven’t considered the tribes Gyrolasomini and Euderomphalini and the unplaced tribes Platytrecampini, Anselmellini and Ophemilini, as none of these have ever been recorded as parasitoids of leafminers.

Posted By: Site Admin Last Updated: Dec 12, 2017 Views: 42118
Key Author(s): Placido Reina and John La Salle Key Publisher: CSIRO Key Version: 16 January, 2006, Updated 11 December 2017
© 2019
Terms of Use Privacy Policy