Click on images to enlarge
habit (Photo: Greg Jordan)
leaves (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
creeping stems (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
flowers clustered into upright elongated spikes (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of flowers (Photo: Greg Jordan)
close-up of seeds (Photo: Steve Hurst at USDA PLANTS Database)
Australian bugle (Ajuga australis), a similar native plant with flowers clustered in the upper leaf forks (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
Ajuga reptans L.
Labiatae (South Australia)Lamiaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory)
ajuga, blue bugle, bugle, bugle flower, bugle weed, bugleherb, bugleweed, carpet bugle, carpetbugle, carpet bugleweed, carpetweed, common bugle, creeping bugleweed, European bugle
Native to north-western Africa (i.e. northern Algeria and Tunisia), Europe and western Asia (i.e. northern Iran, northern Turkey, Azerbaijan, Georgia and southern Russia.
Naturalised in some parts of south-eastern Australia (i.e. in Tasmania, in the Central Tablelands region in sub-coastal New South Wales, and sparingly naturalised in Victoria).
Also naturalised in the USA, Canada and New Zealand.
This species is regarded as an environmental weed in Tasmania. Common bugle (Ajuga reptans) was first recorded in this state in 1978, and is now locally naturalised in the western and south-western parts of Tasmania. It is very common as an ornamental groundcover in the temperate regions of Australia, with several cultivars being available. However, it is considered to be a garden plant with a high risk of invading native vegetation in Tasmania. It has already escaped cultivation and is weedy on roadsides and along creeks.
Common bugle (Ajuga reptans) has also recently been recorded as naturalised in damp areas in the upper Blue Mountains in central New South Wales. In this region it is spreading from existing plantings by creeping stems (i.e. stolons) and by the movement of stem sections along watercourses, and has been spotted in the Blackheath, Katoomba and South Leura areas. It is also regarded as a potential environmental weed in Gosford City, on the New South Wales central coast, and at Falls Creek in north-eastern Victoria.
Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it.
Copyright © 2016. All rights reserved. Identic Pty Ltd. Special edition of Environmental Weeds of Australia for Biosecurity Queensland.
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