Click on images to enlarge
habit prior to flowering (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
habit in flower (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
large, highly-divided, lower leaves (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
stem and smaller upper leaf (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
flowers and flower buds (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of flower (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of seeds (Photo: Jose Hernandez at USDA PLANTS Database)
young plant (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
fan columbine (Aquilegia flabellata), with bluish-green leaves, is also commonly cultivated in Australia (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
Aquilegia vulgaris L.
columbine, European columbine, European crowfoot, granny's bonnet
Native to northern Africa (i.e. Algeria and Morocco) and Europe (i.e. Ireland, UK, Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, the Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland, Albania, Greece, Italy, Yugoslavia, France, Portugal, Spain, Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, western Ukraine and western Russia).
Naturalised in some parts of Victoria and sparingly naturalised in New South Wales and Tasmania.
Naturalised overseas in large parts of eastern USA, Canada and outside its native range in Europe.
This species is regarded as an environmental weed in Victoria, where it has spread from gardens into nearby natural habitats. It has only become naturalised relatively recently, first being recorded in 1988, and is of most concern in high-altitude heathland areas in the sub-alpine and alpine regions of south-eastern Australia.
Columbine (Aquilegia vulgaris) is listed as an environmental weed at Falls Creek in northern Victoria, and is also present in other alpine areas in this state (i.e. at Mount Buffalo, Mount Buller and Mount Stirling). It also appears on some local (e.g. Frankston City) and regional (i.e. in the Goulburn Broken Catchment) environmental weed lists in other parts of this state.
Columbine (Aquilegia vulgaris ) has also been recorded in treeless vegetation in surveys of the Australian Alps, and was very recently recorded as naturalised in wet sclerophyll forest at Katoomba, in the New South Wales central tablelands region.
Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it.
Copyright © 2016. All rights reserved. Identic Pty Ltd. Special edition of Environmental Weeds of Australia for Biosecurity Queensland.
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