Click on images to enlarge
habit (Photo: Jackie Miles and Max Campbell)
younger plants with deeply-lobed lower leaves (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
much-branched upper part of a plant (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of lower leaf (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of stems and leaf undersides with stiff hairs (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
almost entire upper leaves (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of flower-head (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of seeds (Photo: Steve Hurst at USDA PLANTS Database)
Cichorium intybus L.
Asteraceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory)Compositae (South Australia)
Belgium endive, blue sailors, chicory, coffee chicory, French endive, succory, witloof
Native to Europe (i.e. Denmark, Sweden, UK, Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, the Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland, Albania, Bulgaria, Italy, Romania, Yugoslavia, France, Portugal and Spain), northern Africa (i.e. Algeria and Tunisia) and Asia (i.e. Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, southern Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, China, India and Pakistan).
This species is widely naturalised in Australia, particularly in the southern and eastern parts of the country. It is widely naturalised in Queensland, New South Wales, ACT, Victoria and Tasmania. It is also widespread in the southern regions of Western Australia and in the south-eastern and eastern parts of South Australia (including Kangaroo Island).
Though this species is primarily seen as a weed of agricultural areas (i.e. crops and pastures), roadsides and disturbed sites, it can spread from these habitats into disturbed native grasslands, rangelands and open woodlands. It is therefore occasionally regarded as an environmental weed in Victoria, South Australia, New South Wales, Tasmania and Western Australia. During a recent survey, chicory (Cichorium intybus) was listed as a priority environmental weed in at least one of Australia's Natural Resource Management regions.
Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it.
Copyright © 2016. All rights reserved. Identic Pty Ltd. Special edition of Environmental Weeds of Australia for Biosecurity Queensland.
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