Click on images to enlarge
habit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
paired leaves (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
flowers (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of flower (Photo: Chris Gardiner)
immature fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
maturing fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of seeds (Photo: Steve Hurst at USDA PLANTS Database)
seedlings (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
Coffea arabica L.
Abyssinian coffee, Arabian coffee, arabica coffee, Brazilian coffee, coffee, coffeetree, dwarf coffee
Native to central Africa (i.e. south-western Ethiopia, south-eastern Sudan and north-eastern Kenya).
Naturalised in south-eastern and northern Queensland, as well as on Lord Howe Island and Norfolk Island.
Also naturalised on numerous Pacific islands.
Coffee (Coffea arabica) is regarded as an environmental weed in south-eastern Queensland and northern Queensland. It is also seen as a potential environmental weed or "sleeper weed" in northern New South Wales and other parts of coastal Queensland. In south-eastern Queensland it appears on the list of the 200 most invasive plant species, while in northern Queensland it has invaded undisturbed rainforest and rainforest margins on the Atherton Tableland.
This shade-tolerant species is considered to be particularly invasive because it will grow under intact forest canopies. It has often escaped from cultivation and invaded rainforests in the tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world. In Hawaii, coffee (Coffea arabica) also invades valleys, streambeds, and vegetation along creeks (i.e. riparian areas).
Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it.
Copyright © 2016. All rights reserved. Identic Pty Ltd. Special edition of Environmental Weeds of Australia for Biosecurity Queensland.
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