Click on images to enlarge
infestation on a lake margin (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
habit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
mass of tangled stems (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
parasitising a native wetland forb (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of flowers (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
immature and mature fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of seeds (Photo: Steve Hurst at USDA PLANTS Database)
Tasmanian dodder (Cuscuta tasmanica), one of the similar native dodders (Photo: Greg Jordan)
Cuscuta campestris Yunck.
Cuscutaceae (Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory)Convolvulaceae (Queensland, New South Wales and South Australia)
angel's hair, beggar vine, beggarvine, common dodder, dodder, field dodder, five-angled dodder, golden dodder, love vine, prairie dodder, strangle vine, strangleweed, western field dodder
The actual native range of this species is obscure. It is thought to be native to North America (i.e. Canada, USA and Mexico) and parts of the Caribbean (i.e. the Bahamas, Cuba, Guadeloupe, Jamaica and Martinique). Possibly also native to parts of South America.
This species is widely naturalised throughout the coastal and sub-coastal regions of Australia. It is most abundant in south-eastern South Australia (particularly along the Murray River and its tributaries), south-eastern Queensland and eastern New South Wales. It has a scattered distribution throughout Victoria, in the coastal areas of northern and south-western Western Australia, in northern and central Queensland, and in inland New South Wales. Also naturalised in the northern parts of the Northern Territory.
Golden dodder (Cuscuta campestris) is regarded as an environmental weed in some parts of Western Australia, New South Wales and Victoria. It is actively managed by community groups in Western Australia and is listed as a priority environmental weed in three Natural Resource Management regions. It is a parasitic plant that is largely known as a pest of crops, particularly of plants belonging to the daisy family (i.e. Asteraceae). However, it also attacks a wide range of naturalised species and native plants that are growing in grasslands, open woodlands, coastal vine thickets, riparian areas and wetlands.
It causes damage by absorbing food material from the host plant, but the dense mat of stems it produces can also cause shading of the ground vegetation layer. Golden dodder (Cuscuta campestris) is mainly of concern as an environmental weed in inland wetlands. For example, it is frequently seen growing along Willandra Creek and its lagoons in Willandra National Park in the Riverina region of southern New South Wales. It commonly attacks naturalised plants in this area (e.g. Noogoora burr, Xanthium occidentale), but also parasitises native plants including lignum (Muehlenbeckia florulenta). It is also of concern in the Lake Lalbert Wildlife Reserve in northern Victoria, where it is spreading and is thought to pose a threat to the natural integrity of this wetland community.
Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it.
Copyright © 2016. All rights reserved. Identic Pty Ltd. Special edition of Environmental Weeds of Australia for Biosecurity Queensland.
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