Click on images to enlarge
infestation (Photo: Chris Gardiner)
habit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
habit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of stem and leaf (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
leaves and seed-head (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
reddish-coloured seed-head (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of flower spikelets (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
comparison of the seed-heads of awnless barnyard grass (Echinochloa colona), without bristles on the left, and barnyard grass (Echinochloa crus-galli), with bristles on the right (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
Echinochloa colona (L.) Link
Echinochloa colonum (L.) LinkPanicum colonum L.
Gramineae (South Australia)Poaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory)
awnless barnyard grass, awnless barnyardgrass, barnyard grass, bird's rice, corn panic grass, Deccan grass, jungle rice, jungle ricegrass, jungle-rice, junglerice, Kalahari watergrass, marsh grass, millet-rice, pigeon millet, river grass, shama millet, short millet, swamp grass, swampgrass
The origin of this species is obscure, and it is now widely naturalised throughout the tropical, sub-tropical and warmer temperate regions of the world.
A very widely distributed grass that is most common throughout the northern and eastern parts of Australia. It is generally considered to be naturalised in Australia, however some herbaria are unsure of its status or consider it to be native. It is widespread throughout Queensland, New South Wales, the Northern Territory and the northern and north-western parts (i.e. the Kimberley and Pilbara regions) of Western Australia. It is also present in south-western Western Australia, in many parts of Victoria, in the ACT, in south-eastern South Australia and on Christmas Island.
Awnless barnyard grass (Echinochloa colona) is a common weed of crops (particularly rice), gardens, roadsides, disturbed sites and waste areas in Australia. It also grows along waterways, on the margins of lakes and ponds, in swamps and wetlands, and in other damp habitats. It is regarded as an environmental weed in parts of Queensland, the Northern Territory and Victoria.
In south-eastern Queensland awnless barnyard grass (Echinochloa colona) is ranked among the top 200 environmental weeds and has invaded wetter habitats, including endangered swamp tea tree (Melaleuca tamariscina subsp. irbyana) thickets. It is also a common weed of arid wetland areas in central Australia (i.e. in the Northern Territory and South Australia).
Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it.
Copyright © 2016. All rights reserved. Identic Pty Ltd. Special edition of Environmental Weeds of Australia for Biosecurity Queensland.
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