Click on images to enlarge
coastal infestation in Hawaii (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS)
habit prior to flowering (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
habit in flower (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
stems and leaves (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
seed-head (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of seed-head (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
young flower spikelets (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of immature flower spikelets (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
mature seed-head (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of seeds (Photo: Steve Hurst at USDA PLANTS Database)
seedling (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
the very similar goosegrass (Eleusine tristachya), with shorter and broader seed-head branches (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.
Cynosurus indicus L.Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. var. monostachya F.M. BaileyEleusine japonica Steud.Eleusine marginata Lindl.Glensine marginata Lindl.
Gramineae (South Australia)Poaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory)
bullgrass, crab grass, crabgrass, crowfoot grass, crow's foot, crowsfoot, crow's-foot grass, crowsfoot grass, dog grass, fowlfoot grass, grass, goose foot, goose grass, goose-grass, goosegrass, Indian goose grass, Indian goosegrass, irongrass, silver crabgrass, wild finger millet, wire grass, wiregrass, yard grass
This species is widespread throughout tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world. Its exact origin is obscure, but it is thought to have come from Africa and Asia.
Crowsfoot grass (Eleusine indica) is widely naturalised in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, the Northern Territory and Western Australia. It is also naturalised in the southern parts of South Australia, in the ACT, on several offshore islands (i.e. Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island, Christmas Island and the Cocos Islands) and is sparingly naturalised in Tasmania.
Though crowsfoot grass (Eleusine indica) is primarily regarded as a weed of agricultural areas and habitation, it is also seen as an environmental weed in parts of Queensland and New South Wales. It is listed in the top 200 environmental weeds in south-eastern Queensland and also appears on environmental weed lists in the wider Sydney and Blue Mountains region in New South Wales.
This species generally invades disturbed habitats in natural areas and the margins of conservation areas. For example, it is present along roads and powerline corridors that traverse the wet tropics world heritage areas in northern Queensland. It is also a weed of marshes, stream banks and coastal environs and has recently invaded the Five Islands Nature Reserve, a group of five small islands clustered off the coast of Port Kembla in south-eastern New South Wales.
Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it.
Copyright © 2016. All rights reserved. Identic Pty Ltd. Special edition of Environmental Weeds of Australia for Biosecurity Queensland.
The mobile application of Environmental Weeds of Australia is available from the Google Play Store and Apple iTunes.