Click on images to enlarge
habit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
leaves (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
flower cluster (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of flowers (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
immature fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
mature fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of seeds (Photo: Steve Hurst at USDA PLANTS Database)
seedling (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl.
Mespilus japonica Thunb.
Malaceae (New South Wales)Rosaceae (Queensland, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and South Australia)
bibasse, Japanese medlar, Japanese plum, loquat
Native to eastern Asia (i.e. China, Japan and Taiwan).
Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica) is widely naturalised in the coastal districts of eastern Australia and also present in some parts of southern Australia. It is mainly found throughout the coastal districts of eastern Queensland and eastern New South Wales, is present in the coastal districts of south-western Western Australia, and is incipiently naturalised near Melbourne in southern Victoria. Also naturalised on Lord Howe Island and on Norfolk Island.
Naturalised overseas in southern USA (i.e. California, Louisiana and Florida), South Africa, La Réunion, New Zealand and on some Pacific islands (i.e. Hawaii and Tonga).
This species is an environmental weed in New South Wales and Queensland, and is also regarded as a potential environmental weed or "sleeper weed" in other parts of Australia. It is particularly common in south-eastern Queensland, where it is ranked among the 200 most important invasive plant species, and in north-eastern New South Wales, where it appears on several local environmental weed lists (e.g. the New South Wales North Coast Environmental Weed Survey list and the Coffs Harbour City Council and Lismore City Council environmental weed lists).
Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica) has mainly become naturalised in dry sclerophyll forests and along waterways in these regions. It has also been recorded in conservation areas in Queensland (e.g. Tugun Hill Conservation Area on the Gold Coast) and New South Wales (e.g. Heinrich Reserve in the Sydney region).
Overseas, loquat (Eriobotrya japonica) has been recorded as a weed in dry summer-rainfall areas in South Africa, where it is noted to compete with native vegetation. It has also become naturalised in mixed mesic forests and along roadsides in some parts of Hawaii and on hillsides and in scrub vegetation in New Zealand.
Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it.
Copyright © 2016. All rights reserved. Identic Pty Ltd. Special edition of Environmental Weeds of Australia for Biosecurity Queensland.
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