Click on images to enlarge
infestation (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
habit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
paired glossy leaves (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of leaves (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of reddish-coloured new growth (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
flowers (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
immature fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of almost mature fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of mature fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of seeds (Photo: Steve Hurst at USDA PLANTS Database)
seedling (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
young plant (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
Eugenia uniflora L.
Barbados cherry, Brazil cherry, Brazilian cherry, Cayenne cherry, French cherry, pitanga, pitanga cherry, red Brazil cherry, Surinam cherry
Native to tropical South America (i.e. Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and northern Argentina).
This species is widely naturalised in the warmer coastal districts of eastern Australia. It is most common in south-eastern Queensland, but is becoming more common in the coastal districts of central and northern Queensland and the coastal districts of northern New South Wales. Also naturalised on Lord Howe Island and Norfolk Island.
Naturalised overseas in southern Africa, La Réunion, south-eastern USA (i.e. Florida), the Caribbean, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and on several Pacific islands (i.e. American Samoa, New Caledonia, the Cook Islands, Fiji, Niue and Hawaii).
Brazilian cherry (Eugenia uniflora) is regarded as a relatively important environmental weed in south-eastern Queensland, where it appears on the list of the top 200 environmental weeds. It is also regarded as an environmental weed or potential environmental weed in northern New South Wales and is naturalising in various places in northern Queensland.
This introduced garden plant (i.e. ornamental) has escaped cultivation and is readily dispersed into natural areas by fruit-eating (i.e. frugivorous) birds. It is becoming a weed of rainforests, open woodlands, forest margins, urban bushland, gardens, roadsides and riparian vegetation. Brazilian cherry (Eugenia uniflora) can form dense thickets that replace native species, reduce the amount of light that reaches the forest floor, and change the micro-environment of invaded habitats.
Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it.
Copyright © 2016. All rights reserved. Identic Pty Ltd. Special edition of Environmental Weeds of Australia for Biosecurity Queensland.
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