Click on images to enlarge
habit of mature tree (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
deeply-lobed leaves of younger tree (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS)
un-lobed leaf of mature tree (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
younger stem and immature fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
older stems and mature fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
inside of mature fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of seeds (Photo: Steve Hurst at USDA PLANTS Database)
young plant (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
Ficus carica L.
common ficus, common fig, edible fig, fig, fig tree
This species is thought to be native to northern Africa (i.e. northern Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia), southern Europe (i.e. Greece, Italy, southern France and Spain), western Asia and northern Pakistan. However, it has been cultivated since very early times and its exact native range is obscure.
Common fig (Ficus carica) is widely naturalised in the temperate regions of southern Australia (i.e. in south-western Western Australia, the south-eastern and eastern parts of South Australia, eastern and central Victoria, and some parts of eastern New South Wales). It is also occasionally naturalised in the Northern Territory, sparingly naturalised in south-eastern Queensland, and possibly naturalised on Norfolk Island.
Naturalised overseas in other parts of Europe, in southern Africa, in New Zealand, and the in southern and eastern parts of USA.
Common fig (Ficus carica) is regarded as an environmental weed in Western Australia and South Australia. It has escaped cultivation in gardens and plantations and spread into natural areas, particularly moist sites near habitation.
This species is currently of most concern in the south-western parts of Western Australia, where it is a common weed of wetland areas and waterways. For example, it has spread to waterways and wetlands around Perth and is present in riparian zones in the Wooroloo Brook catchment. In fact common fig (Ficus carica) ranks quite highly in the Environmental Weed Strategy of Western Australia, due to its perceived invasiveness and impact.
Though it is of less concern in the eastern states, common fig (Ficus carica) has already become naturalised in several conservation areas in South Australia (i.e. Belair National Park, Kaiserstuhl Conservation Park, Cleland Conservation Park, Sturt Gorge Recreation Park, Onkaparinga River Recreation Park, Horsnell Gully Conservation Park and Morialta Conservation Park) and in Yarra Bend Park, in suburban Melbourne, in Victoria.
Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it.
Copyright © 2016. All rights reserved. Identic Pty Ltd. Special edition of Environmental Weeds of Australia for Biosecurity Queensland.
The mobile application of Environmental Weeds of Australia is available from the Google Play Store and Apple iTunes.