Click on images to enlarge
habit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
habit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
bark on main trunk (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
younger stem and leaf stalks (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
leaves (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of leaf base showing glands (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
leaf undersides (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
fallen flowers (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of immature fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
mature fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
Gmelina arborea Roxb.
Lamiaceae (Queensland, New South Wales and Western Australia) Verbenaceae (Northern Territory)
gamhar, gmelina, gumhar, Malay beechwood, Malay bush beech, Malay bush-beech, snapdragon tree, white beech, white tea, yemane, yemani
Native to the Indian Sub-continent (i.e. Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka), southern China and south-eastern Asia (i.e. Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines).
Naturalised in some parts of northern Australia (i.e. in the northern parts of the Northern Territory and in northern Queensland).
Also naturalised elsewhere in the tropical regions of the world.
White teak (Gmelina arborea) is regarded as an environmental weed in the Northern Territory and as a potential environmental weed in Queensland. It has been grown as an ornamental and shade tree, and occasionally also in forestry plantations. This species is naturalising from settlements in the tropical savannas of the Northern Territory and is actively managed by community groups in this region. White teak (Gmelina arborea) is also listed as a high priority weed in Aboriginal lands in the Northern Land Council area, and is of particular concern in Maningrida, in Arnhem Land.
White teak (Gmelina arborea) has also become naturalised at a few locations in the Cook district in far northern Queensland (e.g. it is established at Emerald Creek on the Atherton Tableland).
Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it.
Copyright © 2016. All rights reserved. Identic Pty Ltd. Special edition of Environmental Weeds of Australia for Biosecurity Queensland.
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