Click on images to enlarge
habit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
elongated leaves (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
upper leaves and flower buds (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
flower cluster (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of stem and immature fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
mature fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
young plant (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
Leonotis leonurus (L.) R. Br.
Phlomis leonurus L.
Labiatae (South Australia)Lamiaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory)
Cape hemp, lion's ear, lion's tail, minaret flower, red dagga, wild dagga, wild hemp
Native to southern Africa (i.e. Natal, Transvaal and Cape Province in South Africa).
Naturalised is some parts of southern and eastern Australia (i.e in the coastal districts of central and southern New South Wales, in Tasmania, and in the coastal districts of south-western Western Australia). It has also become naturalised in the coastal districts of central Queensland and is possibly naturalised in the coastal districts of northern New South Wales.
Also naturalised overseas in Hawaii and south-western USA (i.e. California).
Lion's ear (Leonotis leonurus) is regarded as an environmental weed in New South Wales and Western Australia, and as a potential environmental weed in Tasmania. This garden escape is mainly a problem in the coastal areas of New South Wales, from Sydney south to Eden. It is often seen near habitation, and probably becomes established in these areas as a result of the dumping of garden waste. It is most commonly found in coastal sand dunes, where dense infestations may displace native species.
In the Sydney region, lion's ear (Leonotis leonurus) has invaded coastal heath and woodlands, and is listed as an environmental weed in Randwick City. On the New South Wales South Coast a population is well established and spreading by seed in dune vegetation at the mouth of the Shoalhaven River. Lion's ear (Leonotis leonurus) has also been reported from the New South Wales North Coast and is on the "NSW North Coast environmental weed list". In south-western Western Australia, this species is found on sandy soils between Perth and Augusta.
Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it.
Copyright © 2016. All rights reserved. Identic Pty Ltd. Special edition of Environmental Weeds of Australia for Biosecurity Queensland.
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