Click on images to enlarge
habit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
stems and leaves (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
young seed-head (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of flower spikelets during flowering (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
mature seed-head (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of seeds (Photo: Steve Hurst at USDA PLANTS Database)
Lolium rigidum Gaud.
Lolium multiflorum Lam. var. rigidum (Gaud.) Trab.Lolium perenne L. subsp. rigidum (Gaudich.) A. Love & D. LoveLolium rigidum Gaud. var. rottboellioides Heldr. ex Boiss.Lolium subulatum Vis. (misapplied)
Gramineae (South Australia)Poaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory)
annual rye grass, annual ryegrass, rigid ryegrass, rigid rye grass, ryegrass, stiff darnel, Swiss ryegrass, Wimmera rye, Wimmera rye grass, Wimmera rye-grass, Wimmera ryegrass
Native to northern Africa (i.e. Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia), southern Europe (i.e. Switzerland, France, Portugal, Spain, Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Yugoslavia and southern Ukraine), western Asia and the Indian sub-continent (i.e. India and Pakistan).
This species is widely naturalised in southern, central and eastern Australia. It most widespread and common in New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia, and south-western Western Australia. Occasionally also naturalised in southern and central Queensland, the southern parts of the Northern Territory, and other parts of Western Australia. Also naturalised on Lord Howe Island and Norfolk Island.
Annual ryegrass (Lolium rigidum) is grown as a pasture grass and is also known a widespread weed of crops in the temperate regions of Australia. However, this species also invades natural vegetation and is regarded as an environmental weed in Victoria and Western Australia.
Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it.
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