Click on images to enlarge
infestation in a grassland (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS)
habit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
leaves and flowers (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of hairy stems and leaves (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS)
close-up of flowers (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS)
immature fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of mature fruit (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS)
Lotus subbiflorus Lag.
Lotus hispidus Desf. ex DC.Lotus suaveolens Pers.
Fabaceae (Queensland, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, and the Northern Territory)Fabaceae: sub-family Faboideae (New South Wales)Leguminosae (South Australia)Papilionaceae (Western Australia)
Boyd's clover, hairy bird's foot trefoil, hairy bird's-foot trefoil, hairy birdsfoot trefoil
Native to northern Africa (i.e. northern Algeria, northern Libya, Morocco and Tunisia), the Azores, the Madeira Islands, western and southern Europe (i.e. Ireland, the UK, France, Portugal, Spain, Greece, Italy and Yugoslavia) and western Asia.
Widely naturalised in southern and eastern Australia. It is most common and widespread in eastern New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, south-eastern South Australia and south-western Western Australia. Also naturalised on the Eyre Peninsula in southern South Australia and in the cooler parts of south-eastern Queensland.
Hairy bird's-foot trefoil (Lotus subbiflorus) was introduced into Australia as a pasture plant, and has become a weed of roadsides, pastures, disturbed sites, waste areas and footpaths mainly in the temperate regions of Australia. It also invades grasslands, wetlands, swamps, riparian vegetation and coastal environs, and is regarded as an environmental weed in Victoria and Western Australia.
In Victoria, hairy bird's-foot trefoil (Lotus subbiflorus) is regarded as a serious threat to one or more plant communities. This species is a common weed of coastal headland scrublands, coastal tussock grasslands, swampy riparian woodlands, South Gippsland plains grassland and swamp scrub vegetation in this state. It also appears on local and regional environmental weed lists (e.g. in Knox City and the Goulburn Broken Catchment) and is present in several conservation areas (e.g. Morwell National Park, Phillip Island Nature Park and Kinglake National Park) in Victoria.
In Western Australia, hairy bird's-foot trefoil (Lotus subbiflorus) is a widespread weed of creek flats, road verges, winter-wet areas, disturbed natural vegetation and relatively intact native vegetation from Geraldton to Esperance. It is also a commonly recorded weed species in wetlands on the Fleurieu Peninsula in south-eastern South Australia, and has been recorded from several conservation areas in this state too (e.g. Kyeema Conservation Park, Cox Scrub Conservation Park and Scott Creek Conservation Park).
Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it.
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