Click on images to enlarge
leaves and flower (Photo: Jackie Miles and Max Campbell)
close-up showing stem, spines, leaves and flower (Photo: Jackie Miles and Max Campbell)
close-up of seeds (Photo: Steve Hurst at USDA PLANTS Database)
Lycium barbarum L.
Lycium chinense Mill. (misapplied)
Barbary matrimony vine, Chinese box-thorn, Chinese boxthorn, Chinese wolfberry, Duke of Argyll's teatree, goji berry, goji plant, Himalayan goji berry, matrimony vine, wolf berry, wolfberry
Native to China.
Widely naturalised in eastern Australia (i.e. in south-eastern Queensland, eastern New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania and south-eastern South Australia).
Chinese boxthorn (Lycium barbarum) is regarded as an environmental weed in Victoria and Tasmania. This garden escape has mainly become naturalised in coastal and sub-coastal districts in south-eastern Australia. It is often found growing in disturbed sites and waste areas, but also invades riverbanks and native bushland (e.g. Yarra Bend Park in Victoria).
Chinese boxthorn (Lycium barbarum) is very similar to African boxthorn (Lycium ferocissimum) and its distribution and impact in Australia may be under-estimated as a result of it being confused with this species. Like African boxthorn (Lycium ferocissimum), it is dispersed into natural areas by birds and other animals that eat its fruit and may cause similar environmental impacts (e.g. form dense thickets along waterways to the detriment of native species).
Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it.
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