Click on images to enlarge
infestation (Photo: Trevor James)
habit (Photo: Trevor James)
habit (Photo: Trevor James)
stem and base of leaf blade (Photo: Trevor James)
close-up of leaf blade showing membranous ligule (Photo: Trevor James)
young seed-head in flower (Photo: Trevor James)
close-up of flower spikelets (Photo: Trevor James)
mature seed-head (Photo: Trevor James)
close-up of seeds (Photo: Steve Hurst at USDA PLANTS Database)
Phalaris arundinacea L.
Phalaris arundinacea L. 'Picta'Phalaris arundinacea L. forma variegata (Parnell) DrucePhalaris arundinacea L. var. arundinaceaPhalaris arundinacea L. var. picta L.
Gramineae (South Australia)Poaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory)
gardener's garters, phalaris, reed canary grass, reed canary-grass, reed canarygrass, ribbon grass, ribbongrass, striped ribbon grass, swamp phalaris, variegated grass
Native to northern Africa (i.e. northern Algeria, Egypt and Tunisia), Europe, northern and central Asia (i.e. Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Mongolia, China, Japan, Korea and Taiwan) and possibly also North America (i.e. Canada, Alaska and the USA). This species is certainly native to Europe, but there is debate as to whether it is native to Asia and North America.
Widely naturalised in southern Australia (i.e. in many parts of eastern New South Wales, in the ACT, in Victoria and Tasmania, in south-eastern South Australia and in the coastal districts of south-western Western Australia).
Also naturalised overseas in southern Africa, tropical Asia, New Zealand, Mexico, Central America, South America, the Caribbean and Hawaii.
Reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea) is regarded as an environmental weed in Victoria.
Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it.
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