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habit (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS)
habit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
bark on base of main trunk (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
branches with leaves and clusters of young male cones (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of three needle-like leaves grouped together in a sheath (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of old leaves showing fine lengthwise groove (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
cluster of older male cones (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
sapling naturalised in northern Queensland (Photo: Chris Gardiner)
Pinus caribaea Morelet
Pinus bahamensis GrisebachPinus caribaea Morelet var. bahamensis (Grisebach) W.H. Barrett & GolfariPinus caribaea Morelet var. caribaeaPinus caribaea Morelet var. hondurensis (Sénéclauze) W.H. Barrett & GolfariPinus hondurensis Sénéclauze
Bahamas pitch pine, caribaea pine, Caribbean pine, Honduras Caribbean pine, Honduras pine, pitch pine, southern pine
Native to southern Mexico, Central America (i.e. Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua) and the Caribbean (i.e. the Bahamas, Puerto Rico, the Turks and Caicos Islands and western Cuba).
Note: Three varieties of this species are noted in its natural range (i.e. Pinus caribaea var. bahamensis from the Bahamas, Puerto Rico and the Turks and Caicos Islands; Pinus caribaea var. caribaea from western Cuba; and Pinus caribaea var. hondurensis from southern Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua). Varieties of this species are not currently recognised by Australian herbaria, and so naturalised specimens have not been allocated to one of them. However, it is Pinus caribaea var. hondurensis that is mainly promoted and cultivated in forestry plantations, and it is likely to be this variety that has become naturalised in Australia. In the last ten years or so, a locally developed hybrid of Pinus caribaea var. hondurensis and slash pine (Pinus elliottii var. elliottii) has also been widely planted in forestry plantations in south-eastern Queensland and north-eastern New South Wales.
Naturalised in northern and central Queensland.
Also naturalised on some Pacific islands (e.g. the Cook Islands, French Polynesia, Hawaii and New Caledonia).
Caribbean pine (Pinus caribaea) is regarded as an environmental weed in northern Queensland and as a potential environmental weed in Western Australia.
Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it.
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