Click on images to enlarge
infestation (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS)
habit (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS)
stilted stem bases (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS)
bamboo-like stems (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS)
leaves on slightly zig-zagging branches (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS)
elongated and curved flower clusters (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS)
young plant (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS)
comparison of spiked pepper (Piper aduncum), left, and Mexican leaf pepper (Piper auritum), right (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS)
leaves and flower clusters of Mexican leaf pepper, Piper auritum (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
Piper aduncum L.
bamboo piper, cow's foot, false kava, false matico, jointwood, matico, matico pepper, piper, spiked pepper, stilt root piper
This species is native to southern Mexico, Central America (i.e. Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama), the Caribbean and tropical South America (i.e. French Guiana, Guyana, Surinam, Venezuela, Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru).
Naturalised on Christmas Island.
Also naturalised in south-eastern Asia (e.g. Malaysia, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea), tropical Africa (e.g. Tanzania), south-eastern USA (i.e. southern Florida) and on several Pacific islands (e.g. Fiji, Hawaii and the Solomon Islands).
Spiked pepper (Piper aduncum) is a potential weed of disturbed rainforests, forest margins, coastal environs, roadsides, waterways, plantations and pastures in the tropical regions of Australia. This species is a serious environmental weed in other parts of the world and is expected to be invasive in the humid coastal regions of northern Australia. It is listed in the Global Invasive Species Database and in on the Northern Australia Quarantine Strategy (NAQS) list.
Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it.
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