Click on images to enlarge
habit in flower (Photo: Rob and Fiona Richardson)
habit in fruit (Photo: Rob and Fiona Richardson)
prickly stem and lower leaves (Photo: Rob and Fiona Richardson)
upper leaves and flowers (Photo: Rob and Fiona Richardson)
flower with long stamens (Photo: Rob and Fiona Richardson)
immature fruit (Photo: Rob and Fiona Richardson)
mature fruit (Photo: Rob and Fiona Richardson)
close-up of seeds (Photo: Steve Hurst at USDA PLANTS Database)
young plant (Photo: Rob and Fiona Richardson)
habit of quena (Solanum esuriale), a similar native species (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of the flower of quena (Solanum esuriale), with shorter stamens (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
Solanum elaeagnifolium Cav.
bitter apple, bull nettle, bullnettle, prairie berry, silver horsenettle, silver leaf, silver leaf nettle, silver leaf nightshade, silver nightshade, silver-leaf bitter apple, silverleaf bitter apple, silver-leaf nettle, silver-leaf nightshade, silverleaf nightshade, silver-leaved nightshade sand briar, tomato weed, white horse nettle, white horsenettle
Native to southern South America (i.e. Argentina, Chile and Uruguay) and possibly also parts of North America (i.e. Kansas, Missouri, Oklahoma, south-western Colorado, Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Texas, Arizona and northern Mexico).
A widely naturalised species that is mainly found in the southern regions of Australia. It is most common in the sub-coastal and inland regions of New South Wales, in Victoria and in south-eastern South Australia. Also relatively common in south-western Western Australia and occasionally found in inland southern Queensland. It has also been recorded in other parts of these states and in the southern parts of the Northern Territory.
Silver-leaved nightshade (Solanum elaeagnifolium) is a weed of crops and cultivation, pastures, roadsides, disturbed sites and waste areas in semi-arid, temperate and sub-tropical regions. While it is primarily a weed of agricultural areas, silver-leaved nightshade (Solanum elaeagnifolium) is also a weed of native pastures and rangeland plant communities, and is occasionally also found in other natural environments. During a recent survey, it was listed as a priority environmental weed in four Natural Resource Management regions.
Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it.
Copyright © 2016. All rights reserved. Identic Pty Ltd. Special edition of Environmental Weeds of Australia for Biosecurity Queensland.
The mobile application of Environmental Weeds of Australia is available from the Google Play Store and Apple iTunes.