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infestation (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
habit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
once-compound leaves (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
flowers (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
young fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
immature and mature fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of mature fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
young plant (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. var. cerasiforme (Dunal) Alef.
Lycopersicon cerasiforme Dunal
Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.
Lycopersicon lycopersicum (L.) H.Karst. ex Farw.
Solanum lycopersicum L. var. cerasiforme (Dunal) D.M. Spooner, G.J. Anderson & R.K. Jansen
cherry tomato, cultivated cherry tomato, edible tomato, garden tomato, tomato, wild cherry tomato
The exact native range of this species is obscure, because of its long history in cultivation, but it originated in the America's. It is considered to be native to parts of north-western South America (i.e. Ecuador and Peru) and may also be native to parts of Central America and Mexico.
Widely naturalised in many parts of Australia, particularly in warmer and wetter coastal districts. It is most common and widespread in eastern Queensland and is occasionally naturalised in the northern and southern parts of the Northern Territory, in the coastal districts of central New South Wales and in the coastal districts of western and northern Western Australia. Also naturalised on Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island and Christmas Island, sparingly naturalised in South Australia, and possibly naturalised in the ACT.
Naturalised overseas on several Pacific islands (i.e. the Galápagos Islands, Fiji, French Polynesia, Kiribati, the Marshall Islands, Nauru, New Caledonia, Niue and Hawaii) and in New Zealand, as well as in many other parts of the world.
Cherry tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum var. cerasiforme) is a minor environmental weed or potential environmental weed in northern Australia and is seen as a "sleeper weed" in many other parts of Australia. Because it is an edible garden plant, cherry tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum var. cerasiforme ) it is often seen as being harmless. In recent years it has become common in natural habitats in the wetter parts of northern Australia that are near habitation, and its potential impact on the environment may be underestimated.
The cherry tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum var. cerasiforme) is spread into natural areas by birds and other animals that eat its fruit. It is commonly naturalised along waterways, in riparian areas, and in revegetation sites in Queensland. It is also naturalised on the edges of rivers in the Kimberley region in northern Western Australia.
In the Galápagos Islands, tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) hybridises with the native Lycopersicon cheesmanii and is threatening its survival on some islands through genetic contamination of natural populations.
Note: the cherry tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum var. cerasiforme) mainly differs from many of the larger garden tomato cultivars ( Lycopersicon esculentum var. esculentum) in the smaller size of its fruit. Garden tomatos (i.e. cultivars ofLycopersicon esculentum var. esculentum) are probably not fully naturalised in Australia, though they are occasionally found growing close to habitation.
Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it.
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