Click on images to enlarge
infestation (Photo: Jackie Miles and Max Campbell)
habit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
stems (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
younger stem with inconspicuous leaves (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
flower clusters (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
elongated flower cluster (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of the bright yellow pea-shaped flowers (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
hairy immature fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
mature fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of seeds (Photo: Steve Hurst at USDA PLANTS Database)
Spartium junceum L.
Fabaceae (Queensland, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania and the Northern Territory)Fabaceae: sub-family Faboideae (New South Wales)Leguminosae (South Australia)Papilionaceae (Western Australia)
genet, Spanish broom, weaver's broom
Native to northern Africa (i.e. Algeria, northern Libya, Morocco and Tunisia), the Azores, southern Europe (i.e. France, Portugal, Spain, Albania, Greece, Italy and Yugoslavia) and western Asia (i.e. Israel, Lebanon, western Syria, Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia).
Widely naturalised in south-eastern Australia (i.e. in the coastal districts of southern New South Wales, in Tasmania and in parts of south-eastern and southern South Australia). Also naturalised in south-eastern Queensland and sparingly naturalised in southern Victoria. It is possibly also naturalised in the ACT and south-western Western Australia.
Naturalised overseas in western USA (i.e. California, Oregon and Washington), New Zealand and Hawaii.
Spanish broom (Spartium junceum) is commonly grown as a garden ornamental, particularly in the cooler parts of Australia. It has escaped cultivation and is regarded as a minor environmental weed or potential environmental weed in Victoria, South Australia and the ACT. Spanish broom (Spartium junceum) has been recorded growing in conservation areas in South Australia (i.e. Cleland Conservation Park) and Victoria (i.e. Kinglake National Park).
This species is also naturalised in scattered localities throughout the coastal parts of California, in the USA. In these areas it is somewhat invasive, spreading aggressively in waste places and along roadsides.
Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it.
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