Click on images to enlarge
infestation (Photo: Trevor James)
habit (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
basal rosette of lower leaves (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of hairy stem showing the narrow wings originating at the base of the leaf blades (Photo: Trevor James)
close-up of prominent veins on upper leaf surface (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
hairy leaf undersides (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
upper leaves and flower clusters (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
tubular flowers (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of flowers (Photo: Trevor James)
close-up of seeds (Photo: Steve Hurst at USDA PLANTS Database)
the very similar Russian comfrey (Symphytum x uplandicum), without wings on its stems (Photo: Trevor James)
Prickly comfrey (Symphytum asperum), the other parent of Russian comfrey (Symphytum x uplandicum), with reddish flower buds (Photo: Greg Jordan)
Symphytum officinale L.
Symphytum officinale L. subsp. officinale
boneset, comfrey, common comfrey, consound, English comfrey, healing herb, knit bone, knitbone, medicinal comfrey, slippery root
Native to Europe (i.e. the UK, Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, the Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland, Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine, western Russia, Bulgaria, Italy, Romania, Yugoslavia, France and Spain) and western Asia (i.e. Turkey, southern Russia and Kazakhstan).
Naturalised in some parts of south-eastern and eastern Australia (i.e. in Victoria and in some coastal and sub-coastal districts of New South Wales). Also sparingly naturalised in the cooler parts of south-eastern Queensland and possibly naturalised in south-western Western Australia.
Also widely naturalised in North America (i.e. Canada and the USA).
Comfrey (Symphytum officinale) is regarded as an environmental weed in Victoria.
Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it.
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