Click on images to enlarge
infestation (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS)
habit (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS)
bark on main trunk (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
branches (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS)
leaves (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
flower clusters (Photo: Sheldon Navie)
close-up of mature fruit (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS)
close-up of seeds (Photo: Steve Hurst at USDA PLANTS Database)
Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels
Eugenia cumini (L.) DruceMyrtus cumini L.
black plum, Damson plum, Duhat plum, jaman, jambolan, jambolan plum, jambul, Java plum, Javan plum, Malabar plum, Portuguese plum
It is believed to be native to eastern tropical Africa (i.e. Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda), the Indian Sub-continent (i.e. Bhutan, India, Nepal and Sri Lanka), China and south-eastern Asia (i.e. Indonesia and Malaysia). However, the exact native range of this species is obscure.
Occasionally naturalised in the coastal districts of central and northern Queensland.
Naturalised overseas in tropical and southern Africa, south-eastern USA (i.e. ), tropical South America, the Caribbean, the Mascarenes (i.e. La Réunion), the Seychelles, and on several Pacific Islands (e.g. the Cook Islands, French Polynesia, New Caledonia, the Galapagos Islands and Hawaii).
Jambolan plum (Syzygium cumini) is regarded as an environmental weed in northern Queensland, and as a potential environmental weed or "sleeper weed" in other parts of northern Australia. It is a serious weed on some Pacific islands, and is listed in the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD).
Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it.
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